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common name for members of the Paridae, a family of passerine birds, which includes the tits, titmice, and chickadees. They are small, active birds with short, pointed bills and strong legs. Their soft, thick plumage is colored in grays and browns, occasionally highlighted by black and white or blue and yellow. Titmice are found chiefly in the Northern Hemisphere and also in Asia and Africa. They are adaptable and can be taught to perform tricks. In the wild, titmice travel in mixed flocks with nuthatches, creepers, kinglets, and woodpeckers, feeding mostly on small insects but also on seeds, fruits, and berries. Typical of the family are the blackcapped chickadee, Parus atricapillus, of the NE United States, the nearly identical Carolina chickadee of the South, and the similar willow tit of Europe and the British Isles. Some titmice have crests, e.g., the crested tit of Eurasia and the tufted titmouse, Lophophanes bicolor, a mouse-gray bird with rust side patches common in the E United States. These typical titmice nest in tree cavities; the long-tailed tits weave complex bag nests. To this group belongs the Javanese pygmy tit (3 in./7.5 cm long, most of it tail); the bush tits of the American West are closely related. A third group, the penduline tits, are named for their hanging bag nests; the only American species is the western verdin. Titmice are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeriformes, family Paridae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the generic name of several species of tits of the genus Parus, order Passeriformes.

The titmouse is a small bird with fluffy brown-gray plumage. Its head has a dark “little cap," black or dark gray, and there is a black or gray brown spot on its throat. It is found throughout Europe, Asia (south of the forest-tundra to the Mediterranean region, Iran, and China), and North America. It inhabits various types of forests, as well as bottomland thickets and gardens. It nests in hollows, laying 6-10 eggs, and eats insects, including harmful ones, thus benefiting forest management. There are four species in the USSR: the willow tit (P. montanus), the marsh tit (P. palustris), the Siberian tit (P. cinctus), and the somber tit (P. lugubris).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


any small active songbird of the family Paridae, esp those of the genus Parus (see tit)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
* RED ELDERBERRY (Sambucus racemosa)--Eastern bluebird, Northern flicker, pileated woodpecker, red-bellied wood pecker, tufted titmouse
The two titmouse forms diverged during the Pleistocene glaciations (Dixon, 1978; Klicka and Zink, 1997; Patten and Smith-Patten, 2008) and currently are considered two species (Banks et al., 2002) on the basis of mitochondrial DNA sequences and DNA-DNA hybridization (Braun et al, 1984; Avise and Zink, 1988; Sheldon et al, 1992) and vocalizations (Dixon, 1955; Coldren, 1992).
All six species, Blackcapped Chickadee (N = 83, [X.sup.2] = 166.4, df = 3, P < 0.001), Tufted Titmouse (Baeolophus bicolor, N = 38, [X.sup.2] = 45.7, P < 0.001), White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis, N = 48, [X.sup.2] = 11.6, P = 0.009), House Finch (N = 106, [X.sup.2] = 19.4, P < 0.001), American Goldfinch (N = 96, [X.sup.2] = 35.8, P < 0.001), and House Sparrow (N = 49, [X.sup.2] = 62.1, P < 0.001), had differences in the frequency of visits to a seed variety after adjusting to the seed variety being in a new position (Table 1, see Fig.
In contrast, 7 species (Scarlet Tanager, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Tufted Titmouse, White-breasted Nuthatch, Downy Woodpecker, Northern Cardinal, Hooded Warbler) were at least 1 standard deviation below their historical mean.
Four species had >150 visits during the study: the blue jay, the blacked-capped chickadee, the tufted titmouse, and the house sparrow.
Alternatively, frequent prescribed burning, timber harvest, and hardwood reduction may negatively impact some species, including tufted titmouse (Baeolophus bicolor) (9), ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillus), red-eyed vireo (10), and black-and-white warbler (Mniotilta varia; 5).
On one cold morning, as I sat with bow in hand and an arrow nocked, a titmouse tried to extract a bug from my arrow.
To test his theory, Wilson examined a well-documented case involving two common English garden birds: the titmouse and the red robin.
Fifteen feet up in a sturdy oak, gently rocking in a sunny breeze, I am discovered by a titmouse, who on a trip through the canopy has seen me move.
To me, the prettiest -- and I know few of them by name -- are the darting ruby-throated hummingbird and the nervous tufted titmouse. The noisiest, the starlings, jays and crows, Most enjoyable: the self-conscious northern flicker, a ground-feeding red-splotched woodpecker forever looking around to see if it's being followed.
to find junco and titmouse and nuthatch and cardinal and a new bird feeding above the devastation, the evening grosbeak, like the storm, just passing through.
Sharp-tailed sparrow (5) 0.023 1, 2 Seaside sparrow (9) 0.023 1, 3 Fox sparrow (18) 0.060 4, 5 Canada goose (10) 0.060 6 Savannah sparrow (21) 0.059 1, 7 Black-capped chickadee (7) 0.037 8 Carolina chickadee (5) 0.035 8 Boreal chickadee (4) 0.036 8 Plain titmouse (10) 0.038 9 Brant (4) 0.078 6 LeConte's thrasher (3) 0.077 5 Curve-billed thrasher (7) 0.082 5