extreme

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extreme

1. Meteorol of, relating to, or characteristic of a continental climate
2. Maths
a. the first or last term of a series or a proportion
b. a maximum or minimum value of a function
3. Logic the subject or predicate of the conclusion of a syllogism
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

extreme

[ek′strēm]
(climatology)
The highest, and in some cases the lowest, value of a climatic element observed during a given period or during a given month or season of that period; if this is the whole period for which observations are available, it is the absolute extreme.
(mathematics)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.