Caryota

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Caryota

 

a genus of plants of the family Palmae. They are tall palms (up to 25 m) that die after fruitage. The leaves are bipin-nate, approximately 6.5 m long, with small cuneate segments. The flowers are in very large racemose inflorescences (approximately 3.5 m long). The fruit is berry-like. There are approximately 12 species, growing in India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, China (in Yunan), the Malay Archipelago, the Solomon Islands, and tropical Australia. Sugar is obtained from the juice of the inflorescences of several species, including the jaggery palm (Caryota urens) and the species C. mitis; the juice is made into wine. Starch is obtained from the heartwood of the trunks. The wood of many species is used in construction. Fiber from the leaves is used to make rope and other articles.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.