Tomar

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Tomar

(to͝omär`), town (1991 pop. 14,003), Santarém dist., central Portugal, in Ribatejo. It has paper and textile mills and other industries but is noted chiefly as the center of the Knights Templars and later of the Military Order of Christ. The knights under Gualdim Pais in 1190 successfully resisted the assault of Yakub and his Almohad forces—an important event in the Christian reconquest of Portugal. The Templars were suppressed early in the 14th cent., but the Order of Christ was founded (1319–20) immediately afterward. The great convent-castle on the hill overlooking Tomar dates from the most glorious days of the order, just after it was under Prince Henry the Navigator, although there are mementos of the earlier years. There are other churches, principally of this period. The order grew rich from Portugal's overseas expansion, and the city flourished. In 1581 it was chosen by Philip II of Spain for the proclamation of his rule. Thereafter it declined.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prosecuting, Baldev Atwal asked for Toman to be remanded in custody but magistrates agreed to release him on conditional bail.
"Two points from 13 games tells its own story," said Toman. "It will be a very big challenge to stay up.
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dollar at present will be equal to 12 tomans after the plan is sanctioned.
Ambassador Toman congratulated President Pendarovski on his taking of the post and wished him success in doing his job adding that he would continue building the friendship and partnership between the two countries.
Festival Secretary's Special Award and Cash Prize (3 Million Toman): Shahrooz Tavakol for directing "Navajesh"
He revealed that Toman stopped her training six months before the 2018 Mediterranean Games due to lack of attention from the federation, and he met with her after assuming his office in a bid to convince her to return to training with the national team.
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