tomatine


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tomatine

[′täm·ə‚tēn]
(organic chemistry)
C50H83NO21 A glycosidal alkaloid obtained from the leaves and stems from the tomato plant; the crude extract is known as tomatin: white, toxic crystals; used as a plant fungicide and as a precipitating agent for cholesterol.
References in periodicals archive ?
The tomatine in saponins also has antifungal activities, and other saponins are attributed to their interaction with 3p-hydroxy sterols, causing an increase in membrane permeability, pore formation, and leakage of cells contents [29].
Alink, "Toxic effect of the glycoalkaloids solanine and tomatine on cultured neonatal rat heart cells," Toxicology Letters, vol.
In this family, phenolic compounds such as eugenol and cinnamaldehyde have been reported in Capsicum species and Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., while the monoterpene pulegone and the alkaloids tomatine and solamargine have been found in Capsicum and Solanum species, as compounds with insecticidal and antifungal properties (Guntner et al.
In other studies low mortality caused by a fungus compared others fungi and also antifungal effects of some plant secondary metabolites such as tomatine and gossypol on insect pathogens demonstrated [13].
These include vitamin A, vitamin C, iron and potassium; non-nutritive dietary fiber; the antioxidative compounds lycopene, [beta]-carotene and lutein; and cholesterol-lowering and immune-enhancing glycoalklaoid tomatine.
A REVELLER is up to his ears in smashed tomatoes during 'tomatine', the third annul tomato fight in Sutamarchan, Colombia.
Differential effect of tomatine and its alleviation by cholesterol on larval growth and efficiency of food utilization in Heliothis zea and Spodoptera exigua.
Tomatine and parasitic wasps: potential incompatibility of plant antibiosis with biological control.