tonic


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tonic,

in music: see harmonyharmony,
in music, simultaneous sounding of two or more tones and, especially, the study of chords and their relations. Harmony was the last in the development of what may be considered the basic elements of modern music—harmony, melody, rhythm, and tone quality or timbre.
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; keykey.
1 In music, term used to indicate the scale from which the tonal material of a given composition is derived. To say, for example, that a composition is in the key of C major means that it uses as its basic tonal material the tones of that scale which is associated
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; scalescale,
in music, any series of tones arranged in a step-by-step rising or falling order of pitch. A scale defines the interval relationship of each tone to the others upon which the composition depends.
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; tonalitytonality
, in music, quality by which all tones of a composition are heard in relation to a central tone called the keynote or tonic. In music that has harmony the terms key and tonality
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.

Tonic

 

any of a class of medicinal agents that stimulate the central nervous system, blood circulation, and respiration. In cases of mental and physical fatigue, functioning capacity is increased by the administration of tonics—for example, preparations of ginseng, magnolia vine, pantocrine, or strychnine.


Tonic

 

in music, the chief, fundamental note of a key or tonality. In reference to melody, the tonic is a note and is related to the final of the Gregorian chant. In major and minor tonal systems it is a major or minor consonant triad. In 20th-century music dissonant chords may also function as a tonic, as in Scriabin’s use of a complex tonic in his later work. The tonic is the defining note of its corresponding tonality: the functions of notes and chords are determined by their pitch relationships to the tonic. The predominance of the tonic may also be reflected in rhythm and meter; classical composers of the Viennese school, for example, assigned maximum stress to the tonic by means of metrical accents and the placement of tonic chords at crucial points in the musical structure. The tonic of a mode is the most important element in determining that mode’s expressive character, for example, its major or minor nature.

IU. N. KHOLOPOV

tonic

1. a medicinal preparation intended to improve and strengthen the functioning of the body or increase the feeling of wellbeing
2. Music
a. the first degree of a major or minor scale and the tonal centre of a piece composed in a particular key
b. a key or chord based on this
3. Music of or relating to the first degree of a major or minor scale
4. of or denoting the general effect of colour and light and shade in a picture
5. Physiol of, relating to, characterized by, or affecting normal muscular or bodily tone
References in periodicals archive ?
He disclosed that out of curiosity, he had to check the ingredients of the tonic written on the pack, adding that he was shocked to discover that the blood tonic contained 13.5 per cent ethanol.
If you need a hand looking to create perfect G&Ts at home, Asda has also introduced 'Gin Wheel' guides in-store, helping customers match their favourite gins with the new range of tonics.
Download Sample Copy of Wellness Tonics Market @ https://www.orbisresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/2588725
Mr Mahatme, co-owner of Lixir Tonic, said: "Jordan and I saw an opportunity in the market to create flavourful tonics that could be used with a variety of spirits.
Of chordal functions, Doll writes, the roman numeral "I will always be I, whether it functions as tonic, or as predominant, or as pre-predominant, or as anything else; the same is true for all other numerals" (p.
Growing up in Europe where the combination of gin and tonic is viewed with upmost reverence, my design was inspired by a glass I bought in Biot, France at the age of 22, said Nigel Barker, AC Hotels by Marriott Brand Ambassador.
Boodles Gin & Pink Ingredients: 50ml Boodles Gin (PS22, 70cl, Sainsbury's), topped with Fentimens Pink Grapefruit Tonic (PS1.90, 500ml, Sainsbury's), along with citrus garnish of your choice.
It might not be Gin and Tonic, but it certainly is a tonic, as the health benefits of lavender include supporting tired muscles, treating insomnia, working as an antiseptic, maintaining cardiovascular health, treating indigestion, fighting inflammation, working as a detoxifier, improving respiratory health, treating acne, treating headaches and restoration of body cells.
u c ll o Anyone passing the tonic shelves as regularly as me will know they're always on offer so buy then and save a nugget.
Hogan and her partner and co-owner at Tonic Design, Vincent Petrarca, have been the recipients of the Sir Walter Awards four times, most recently for renovating/renewing the building at 1700 Glenwood Avenue that now houses Form & Function, the building owners' retail shop.
The tonic and phasic chin EMG activity was quantified manually in each patient.
Starting October 7, and taking place every Friday thereafter from 4pm, audio tonic will host a 21+ pool party dubbed Nightswim at the hotel's WET DECK.