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inflammation of the palatine tonsils, causing enlargement, occasionally to the extent that they nearly touch one another
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



inflammation of the tonsils, especially the palatine tonsils. The inflammation may be acute (seeANGINA) or chronic. Although chronic tonsillitis may develop independently, it more frequently follows episodes of catarrhal tonsillitis or of other infectious diseases—such as scarlet fever, measles, and diphtheria—that are accompanied by inflammation of the pharyngeal mucous membranes.

Allergy to streptococci and adenoviruses is an important factor in the development of tonsillitis. In cases of chronic tonsillitis, there is ulceration of the mucosa, granulation, small abscesses within the tonsils themselves, and proliferation of the connective tissues. In its simple form, chronic tonsillitis is characterized by local symptoms only—for example, sore throat; in its toxic-allergic form, it is accompanied by such general symptoms as persistent cervical lymphadenitis, elevated body temperature, and cardiac changes. Chronic tonsillitis may contribute to the development or aggravation of other diseases, such as rheumatism, nephritis, and thyrotoxicosis.

Simple chronic tonsillitis is treated by antimicrobial means, irrigation of the lateral lacunae, or physiotherapy. Tonsillectomy, or surgical removal of the tonsils, may be prescribed in cases of pronounced toxic-allergic tonsillitis.


Lopotko, I. A., and O. Iu. Lakotkina. Ostryi i khronicheskii tonzillit, ikh oslozhneniia i sviaz’ s drugimi zabolevaniiami. Leningrad, 1963.
Preobrazhenskii, B. S., and G. N. Popova. Angina, chronicheskii tonzillit i sopriazhennye s nimi zabolevaniia. Moscow, 1970.
Fioretti, A. Die Gaumenmandel. Stuttgart, 1961.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Inflammation of the tonsils.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The patients had a history of tonsillar hyperplasia and/or recurrent tonsillitis after repeated failures of antimicrobial therapy.
One hundred fifty three patients (79%) were suffering from recurrent acute tonsillitis; while 37 (21%) patient were complained from first acute tonsillitis.
Medical management with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory agents is sufficient for the treatment of acute tonsillitis. But in cases of recurrent and chronic tonsillitis, tonsillectomy is the treatment of choice.
"Removal of tonsils isn't always the answer to tonsillitis. The procedure involves a general anaesthetic and recovery takes around two weeks, and as with all surgery it comes with risk factors.
He added that "the parents alleged that the doctors at the hospital suggested for Tonsillitis operation.
However, a tonsillectomy might be beneficial when psoriasis exacerbations are closely associated with recurrent tonsillitis. (1)
Advice on the NHS Direct Wales website says: "Most cases of tonsillitis are caused by a viral infection, such as the viruses that can cause the common cold or influenza (flu virus).
"We are not doctors but we knew Kate and to us viral tonsillitis didn't explain why she was the way she was."
In this prospective study, we examined S100A8/A9 levels in the serum and saliva and its potential role as a promising and helpful biomarker to differentiate between acute tonsillitis (AT), PC, and PTA.
As tonsillitis is an infection that involves both tonsils, it is probable that progression to peritonsillar abscess also occurs bilaterally, showing different developmental stages on each side [1].
A STUDENT who has beaten leukaemia after being told it was tonsillitis has been honoured by the Prime Minister for raising PS100,000 for charity.