Bhattacharya et al  had successfully joined the aluminium- copper 3mm thick plates without providing tool offset
. Ouyang et al  study showed that the poor weld ability behaviour occurs due to development of complex microstructure in the weld nugget.
Brechner, "General tool offset
curves and surfaces," in Geometry Processing For Design and Manufacturing, SIAM, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1992.
Where R(z) is the flute radius at z, [phi] is the tool offset
magnitude, [lambda] is the tool offset
position angle, and [[psi].sub.i,j](z) is the angle measured backwards starting from the tip of the ith flute up to the portion of the cutting edge in the jth disk, and N is the number of the flutes of the tool.
The machining of the 50 unaged castings required two tool offset
Acutech LLC, Elkhart, Ind., recently sold No Tool offset
locks to newspapers in Warren, Ohio, Hagerstown, Md., South Bend, Ind., Altoona and Williamsport, Pa., and Bremerton, Wash.
Features of the Titan 500 model are said to include canned cycle programming for character input; high structural rigidity; enclosed ballscrews; high load capacity; zero backlash; spindle retracts from the above part; full coverage at 45[degrees]; two-axis articulated spindle; Fagor Systems 8050 control; built-in machine diagnostics; teach-in digitizing mode for programming; tool offset
, radius and length compensation; high resolution color graphics; AC brushless servo motors; and more.
If an incorrect TNR is used, the first thing the operator notes is that the lathe tool offset
needs to be adjusted by a larger amount.
A small tool offset
is then programmed into the robot controller to account for part profile variations.
Dynamic tool offset
, or "cutter compensation," is employed real-time, and an optional real-time pump control allows remote starting and stopping of the pump, dual pressure set points for hard-to-pierce materials, and unlimited data logging of every process parameter imaginable.
The DMV 6030 is controlled by a Fanuc 21i and there is an embedded Ethernet function for exchanging NC programs, tool offset
data, and system parameters.
Makino application engineers put a macro program into the machine in order to protect it in the event of an incorrect tool offset
, thereby eliminating machine crashes.