topography


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Related to topography: climate, Corneal topography

topography

(təpŏg`rəfē), description or representation of the features and configuration of land surfaces. Topographic maps use symbols and coloring, with particular attention given to the shape and elevations of terrain. Relief is portrayed by means of contourcontour
or contour line,
line on a topographic map connecting points of equal elevation above or below mean sea level. It is thus a kind of isopleth, or line of equal quantity.
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 lines, hachures, shading, or coloring to represent elevations, depressions, and depths of water; natural and human-made features, such as rivers, forests, urbanized areas, bridges, roads, and power lines, are indicated by symbols and color overlays. Topography is often used incorrectly as a synonym for relief; the submarine analogue is bathymetry.

Topography

Physical features of a particular location, including the shape of the surface of the ground.

topography

[tə′päg·rə·fē]
(geography)
The general configuration of a surface, including its relief; may be a land or water-bottom surface.
The natural surface features of a region, treated collectively as to form.

topography

1. the study or detailed description of the surface features of a region
2. the detailed mapping of the configuration of a region
3. the land forms or surface configuration of a region
References in periodicals archive ?
It has been noted that the seasonal rainfall patterns over east Africa are very complex due to the existence of complex topography and large inland water bodies (Indeje et al.
Platelet interactions with titanium: modulation of platelet activity by surface topography. Biomaterials 2001 Oct;22(19):2671-82.
Once the map of surface topography has been made, differences in elevation can be measured.
The occurrence of each topography of PIB was also examined across 12-month age groups.
In response to a lawmaker's question as to whether the government would go ahead with proposing the seafloor topography names even in June, when the conference in Germany is scheduled to be held, Yu said, ''Yes.''
It will attempt to survive on what remains of the economy; the first starts will be weak, and, as people return to neighborhoods where topography caused least damage, we can see the direction they will take.
Since Japan has a very complex topography, it is deemed important to precisely measure wind directions when deploying windmills.
The Shadow Moire system can be used to characterize the surface topography of paper and to study the problems of dimensional instabilities.
McRae always liked the aesthetics of golf courses and felt the topography lent itself to that rather than just straight real estate development.
The results obtained by PLM for micropipes and elementary screw dislocations are comparable with the topography provided by back-reflection synchrotron white beam X-ray topography (SWBXT); while the results for grain boundaries and stress striations are comparable with that provided by the transmission mode X-ray topography.
Desmear operation leaves a less-than-desirable surface topography on the resin.
The survey of post-Roman towns, which necessarily draws on archeological and architectural as well as the usual written evidence, is organized essentially the same as that for the later Middle Ages- into a general survey and segments on politics, society and population, economics, culture, topography, London, large towns, and small towns.