Topping

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topping

Angling part of a brightly-coloured feather, usually from a golden pheasant crest, used to top some artificial flies
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Topping

 

a method of plant care that consists of removing the blossoms when they begin to bloom in order to achieve better leaf growth (for example, in tobacco growing).


Topping

 

a thin, strong layer used in multilayer structures in buildings to accept and transmit loads bearing on an underlying layer of thermal or acoustical insulation; occupants, stored material, and equipment bearing on roofs or floors are typical loads to be transmitted in this manner. When underlying layers are insufficiently rigid, topping is used to construct an even surface that facilitates installation of overlying layers, such as waterproof roof coverings or flooring. Topping may be either monolithic (sandcement mix, asphalt concrete, or similar composition) or prefabricated, in the form of thin (4–5 cm thick) slabs of gypsum cement or lightweight aggregate concrete.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

topping

[′täp·iŋ]
(chemical engineering)
The distillation of crude petroleum to remove the light fractions only; the unrefined distillate is called tops.
(civil engineering)
A layer of mortar placed over concrete to form a finishing surface on a floor, driveway, sidewalk, or curb.
(textiles)
A step in the dyeing process in which a dyed material is placed in a bath of another color.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

topping

1. A layer of high-quality concrete or mortar placed to form a floor surface on a concrete base.
2. The mixture of marble chips and matrix which, when properly processed, produces a terrazzo surface.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contrary to what most people think, the pizza crust is more than just a base for the toppings. It actually sets the initial flavor base and texture of the entire pizza.
He opts for flavours and toppings that appeal to him.
* Indian toppings include potatoes, cauliflower, paneer cheese, and mutton.
It's not just ice creams on sale either - you can also get Fashion, Tropic-Fusion, Congo-Bongo, Delirium and Ambrosia smoothies ([pounds sterling]3.50); Orange, Strawberry, Lemon, Lemon Light, Coffee and Watermelon slushes; different flavours of Twisters for [pounds sterling]4; Waffles starting at [pounds sterling]2.50 and even takeaway boxes - half a litre + three toppings [pounds sterling]6 and one litre + six toppings [pounds sterling]11.
"In collaboration with Domino's, we have looked to use a range of toppings to create the ultimate revision treat, proven to help with cognitive function.
With the new toppings and whips, Caribou also challenged its fans to get creative by sharing photos of their over-the-top custom-designed beverages on social media using #TopBou.
Pizzas are a great treat for every food lover, which can be enjoyed in breakfast, lunch, and dinner by simply playing with its toppings. It is in your hand to go with a heavy, light or healthy pizza topping, which will help you to serve your family or friends a lip smacking and delicious treat.
They have a variety of sweet toppings like cereal, sprinkles, and gummy bears.
It is assumed that the average bite from an 11-inch pizza will have 10 percent more toppings than the average bite from a 14-inch pizza.
With one sweeping hand motion, she gestured to the colorful chopped food below and said: "You pick any 4 toppings and we will make a salad for you.
The AP Series Waterfall Topping Applicator from Columbus, Ohio, USA-based Grote Company is built to automatically and evenly apply a wide variety of toppings including shredded cheese, IQF meats, dry ingredients and vegetables onto crusts of pizza, french bread and bagels.
Traditional sundaes featuring familiar toppings such as chocolate fudge, caramel and strawberry have a suggested retail price of $1 while premium sundaes feature toppings like fresh peach and granola have a suggested retail price of $1.79.