The plot with only one nitro group rotating is described, as before, by a first-order term, showing that the energy is related to the squared cosine of the

torsional angle of the nitro group.

The structural responses such as displacement, acceleration, and

torsional angle with different control schemes are studied; the damping effect and the movement characteristics of each parts on the TMDPP are analyzed.

Results: In the horizontal torsional fatigue tests, the mean

torsional angle amplitude in Groups A, B, and C were 6.12[degrees], 6.53[degrees], and 6.81[degrees].

The results are the

torsional angle <p, the bending moment [M.sub.y1] ([M.sub.y1] = [[lambda].sub.y]), the axial force [N.sub.1] ([N.sub.1] = [[lambda].sub.z]), the bending moment [M.sub.x], the shear force [Q.sub.y], and the torsion moment [T.sub.z], respectively.

A linear encoder and a rotary encoder are used to measure the axial displacement and

torsional angle of the specimen, respectively.

where M is the applied moment (torque), L is the length of the DWNT, [phi] is the

torsional angle at the end of the tube and [I.sub.p] is the polar moment of inertia, which is calculated as

The conformational analysis for the neutral structures was carried out by changing the

torsional angle ([theta], dihedral angle between central two thiophene rings, S-C-C-S) by 20 steps in the same direction between 0 (syn-planar) and 180[degrees] (anti-planar).

When properly installed, it can accept a nominal

torsional angle of up to 8 [degrees]; nominal axial misalignment of 0.125 to 0.375 in.; radial displacement of 0.040 to 0.080; and angular misalignments as high as 3 [degrees].

A new structure of DMF with continuously-variable stiffness is proposed to lower the idle speed of the engine, realize high counter torque at a large

torsional angle, and avoid the impact due to the abrupt changes of stiffness [14].

The difference in the three models was proposed by comparing the vertical amplitude and the

torsional angle caused by the conductor galloping.

We illustrate here the sensitivity of the quantities [B.sub.l](q, q) to expected

torsional angle changes on photoexcitation.