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A deformity of the neck resulting from contraction of the cervical muscles or fascia. Also known as wryneck.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



or wryneck, a deformity of the neck caused by a unilateral tension of the muscles and soft tissues of the neck, or by distortion of the neck region of the spine; it is accompanied by improper position of the head. Congenital torticollis is a result of improper intrauterine development or birth trauma; acquired torticollis appears after injury or burns or as a result of inflammation of the muscles or lymph glands of the neck.

The head is inclined to the side of the affected muscle, the occiput approaches the shoulder on that side, and the chin is turned and raised toward the opposite side. Head movements, especially lateral ones, are substantially limited. If there has been no timely treatment, such secondary deformities as asymmetry of the face and skull and deformation of the spine are added to the basic deformity. Torticollis is treated by an orthopedic physician.


Zatsepin, S. T. Ortopediia detskogo i podrostkovogo vozrasta, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1956.
Zatsepin, S. T. Vrozhdennaia myshechnaia krivosheia. Moscow, 1960. (Bibliography.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vestibular hyperreactivity in patients with idiopathic spasmodic torticollis. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1989; 52(6): 782-5.
Previous figures suggest ( torticollis , which tilts the babies' heads and restricts their range of movement, affects less than 2 percent of the general infant population.
A 6-year-old boy visited our department with torticollis and neck pain that occurred after a small fight with his brother 8 days earlier.
Earache, tender palpation in the mastoid tip, and neck stiffness and torticollis with high body temperature and clinical appearance of transitory meningitis are first symptoms and signs to raise suspicion on severe complication.
Although unusual, there have been several reports in the literature of KD presenting as torticollis or neck tilt.
Doctors say the torticollis may have been caused by a lack of space in the uterus beside his twin sister Freya.
A) Diseased frogs had neurologic signs of torticollis. B-D) Clinical signs with different appearances showing cataracts, proptosis, or hyperemia.
He suffered from torticollis, a condition that would have meant his head lolled to the right.
The clinical detection of AHP due to ocular causes is very important for several reasons, including the possibility of developing secondary and permanent torticollis as a result of muscular and soft tissue changes due to delayed treatment, loss of binocularity that may occur if the AHP cannot be maintained, and development of amblyopia.
The International Headache Society (IHS) identified benign paroxysmal vertigo (BPV), benign paroxysmal torticollis, cyclic vomiting, and abdominal migraine as periodic syndromes of childhood and stated that these conditions were precursors of migraine (13).
However, limited head rotation, torticollis, lower activity levels, and supine sleeping position are significantly associated with DP (Losee et al., 2007).