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a large dog, usually red in colour, which is a cross between a mastiff and a Great Dane: originally developed for dog-fighting; it is not recognized as a breed by kennel clubs outside Japan
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a province in feudal Japan, in the southeastern part of the island of Shikoku.

Together with the provinces of Satsuma, Choshu, and Hizen, Tosa formed a coalition of southwestern provinces that opposed the house of Tokugawa in the 1860’s. The Tosa samurai entered into an alliance with bourgeois circles and played an important role in the incomplete bourgeois revolution of 1867–68 (seeMEMRESTORATION). In 1871 the province became part of Kochi Prefecture. In the 1870’s and 1880’s, Tosa provided many of the leaders of the liberal movement for the adoption of a constitution, most notably Itagaki.



a medieval Japanese school of painting that developed the traditions of the yamato-e school. [26—355—4]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ministry will widen the scope of dangerous dog breeds, which currently includes Tosas, pit bull terriers, rottweilers and their mixed breeds.
"The four types of dog banned in the UK - pit bull terriers, dogo argentinos, fila brasilieros and Japanese tosas - are mistakenly perceived to pose a heightened risk to the public compared to other breeds or types of dog.
As well as pit bulls the others were the Japanese Tosa, Dogo Argentino, and Fila Braziliero.
TOP 10 MOST DANGEROUS DOGS THERE are only four banned dog breeds in the UK under the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 - the Fila Brasileiro, Dogo Argentino, Pit Bull and Japanese Tosa. All four figure in the Top Ten of most dangerous dogs in the world.
BANNED Japanese tosa, BANNED Dogo argentino, BANNED Fila brasileiro
FIGHTER: A pit bull terrier; (right) another dangerous breed, the Japanese Tosa. Police pay an average pounds 2,000 a dog while they wait for a court date
Four breeds of dog are outlawed by the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 - pit bull terriers, Japanese tosas, dogo Argentinos and the fila Brasileiros.
MACOM's portfolio includes L-PIC(TM) Transmitters, R-PIC(TM) Receivers, Patented Self Aligning EFT Lasers, transimpedance amplifiers, clock/data recovery circuits -- including our recent Lightwave Innovation Award winning MATA-37644 and MALD-37645 chipset -- crosspoints, silicon photonics, 53GB PAM-4 PHYs, 10G PON portfolio and ROSAs and TOSAs for data centers, enterprise and telecom optical systems operating up to 100G, 400G and beyond.
The officer's expert evidence has helped secure numerous court convictions, including the UK's first two prosecutions against owners of Japanese Tosas.
Pit bulls, Japanese Tosas, Dogo Argentions and Fila Brasileiros are all banned under the Dangerous Dogs Act.