Just liking the total conductivity
, the relationships between temperature and both ionic conductivity and electronic conductivity follow the Arrhenius law.
The transport (transference) number (t) of the samples indicates the sum of current carried by anions, cations, or electrons in terms of the total conductivity
The transport (transference) number (t) of the sample indicates the sum of total ionic and electronic current in terms of the total conductivity
where Y is the square matrix of total conductivity
of circuits; [U.sub.nodal] is the matrix-column of nodal voltages; [I.sub.set] is the matrix-column of setting currents.
The frequency range was (40Hz-15MHz) for electric field.The total conductivity
[sigma.sub.tot] at a certain frequency and temperature is defined as
It is also obvious from Figure 7(a) that cobalt deficiency decreases total conductivity
due to both decreasing concentration of the charge carriers and lowering their mobility as a result of the break of conducting Co-O-Co chains.
Where [sigma] ([omega]) is the total conductivity
, [[sigma].sub.ac] is the ac conductivity, and [[sigma].sub.dc] is the dc conductivity.
The reading is therefore derived from a total conductivity
The total conductivity
(CT) of bathing solution was then measured.
Each ion makes a contribution to the total conductivity
of the aqueous solution.
This often yields a large experimental error during the separation of direct current conductivity from total conductivity
. Therefore, we have to convert the dielectric constant into electric modulus.