total institution


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total institution

or

total organization

any social organization (including prisons, monasteries, long-stay hospitals, boarding schools, and ships on long voyages) in which the members are required to live out their lives in isolation from wider society (see GOFFMAN, 1961). In contrast with ‘normal’ social life, in which people live in their own homes and usually work, sleep, eat and engage in leisure activities in a number of different locations, it is characteristic of total organizations that social action is confined to a single location. In these organizations there is no possibility of any complete escape from the administrative rules or values which prevail.

Research has concentrated on the sociological and social psychological consequences (e.g. INSTITUTIONALIZATION) that can arise from this form of life, and which exist for those in superordinate as well as subordinate positions. As suggested by Goffman, various ‘mortifications of the self (e.g. removal of personal possessions), may occur in total institutions (e.g. asylums or prisons), resulting in a reconstruction of the person to fit with the demands of the organization to an extent which could never be achieved in more open social contexts. This reconstruction, however, is never complete. There always remains scope for ‘inmate culture’ to exert some control over the formal organizational structure of a total organization.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
Likewise, PHC disposed of 17,860 cases against the total institution of 15,967 for the same time period.
Likewise, Peshawar High Court, disposed of 17,860 cases against total institution of 15, 967 for the same time period.
In the same light, Erving Goffman's Asylum: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates contends that a facility that qualifies as a "total institution" will seek to rehabilitate its wards, but cannot achieve this goal because a meaningful "home life" existence is problematic in a "total institution." (19) For Goffman, asylums and prisons are examples of what a "total institution" is: a place of residence and work where a large number of like-situated individuals, cut off from the wider society for an appreciable period of time, together lead an enforced, formally administered round of life.
In Owen's study, the transformation of civilians into police occurs within a 'total institution' that both deconstructs old subjectivities and produces new forms of solidarities and identities.
There are nine essays: introduction; oit is better to learn than to be taughto; Karlberg as a total institution; the Nordic Secondary School Youth Movement; school culture at Fons Vitae; remembering school; simulating society; between identity and stigmatization; material and affective movements.
Figure 7 State Appropriations for FY 2007-08 and FY 2010-11 2010-11 Budgeted Appropriation 2007-08 State (Original Appropriation Areas of Funding Appropriation Prorated 3%) O&M w/earmarks $ 349,829,308 $ 246,578,145 Mental Health 4,132,177 3,406,977 Cancer Center -- 4,052,527 Total Institution $353,961,485 $ 254,037,649 Areas of Funding Change % Change O&M w/earmarks $ (103,251,163) -29.5% Mental Health (725,200) -17.6% Cancer Center 4,052,527 NA Total Institution $ (99,923,836) -28.2%
Service in the "total institution" of the Wehrmacht "established[ed] a specific form of socialization, in which group norms and responsibilities ha[d] far more influence on individuals than under normal social conditions" (16).
It was also disclosed that during the period from 12th December 2013 till 10th January 2014, against total institution of 1641 cases, 1950 cases were disposed of.
Mullan uses the architecture of the Asylum not only to affirm its character as a total institution but also to make visible its purposes and practices.
A probable explanation I came up with is based on the great sociologist Erving Goffman's concept of "total institution." In his famous paper "On the Characteristics of Total Institutions" (1957), Goffman puts that a total institution is a place of work and residence where a great number of similarly situated people pursue lives that are radically and dramatically cut off from the wider community for a considerable time.
The most current results showed 7,330 credit unions at the end of January with the total institution count down 255 during the past 12 months.

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