total institution


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total institution

or

total organization

any social organization (including prisons, monasteries, long-stay hospitals, boarding schools, and ships on long voyages) in which the members are required to live out their lives in isolation from wider society (see GOFFMAN, 1961). In contrast with ‘normal’ social life, in which people live in their own homes and usually work, sleep, eat and engage in leisure activities in a number of different locations, it is characteristic of total organizations that social action is confined to a single location. In these organizations there is no possibility of any complete escape from the administrative rules or values which prevail.

Research has concentrated on the sociological and social psychological consequences (e.g. INSTITUTIONALIZATION) that can arise from this form of life, and which exist for those in superordinate as well as subordinate positions. As suggested by Goffman, various ‘mortifications of the self (e.g. removal of personal possessions), may occur in total institutions (e.g. asylums or prisons), resulting in a reconstruction of the person to fit with the demands of the organization to an extent which could never be achieved in more open social contexts. This reconstruction, however, is never complete. There always remains scope for ‘inmate culture’ to exert some control over the formal organizational structure of a total organization.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hence, a total institution takes over the lives of the inmates, treating them as a homogenous group without the opportunity for individual choice.
A total institution may be defined as a place of residence and work where a large number of like-situated individuals, cut off from the wider society for an appreciable period of time, together lead an enclosed, formally administered round of life.
Figure 7 State Appropriations for FY 2007-08 and FY 2010-11 2010-11 Budgeted Appropriation 2007-08 State (Original Appropriation Areas of Funding Appropriation Prorated 3%) O&M w/earmarks $ 349,829,308 $ 246,578,145 Mental Health 4,132,177 3,406,977 Cancer Center -- 4,052,527 Total Institution $353,961,485 $ 254,037,649 Areas of Funding Change % Change O&M w/earmarks $ (103,251,163) -29.
Contract award: construction of a connected elementary school and junior high school plus the all-day school operation (bilingual montessori school) with all the functional units as a total institution with a total school population of about 355, including all necessary education and appurtenances (preliminary space program approx.
It was also disclosed that during the period from 12th December 2013 till 10th January 2014, against total institution of 1641 cases, 1950 cases were disposed of.
Mullan uses the architecture of the Asylum not only to affirm its character as a total institution but also to make visible its purposes and practices.
In his famous paper "On the Characteristics of Total Institutions" (1957), Goffman puts that a total institution is a place of work and residence where a great number of similarly situated people pursue lives that are radically and dramatically cut off from the wider community for a considerable time.
The most current results showed 7,330 credit unions at the end of January with the total institution count down 255 during the past 12 months.
First appearing as a total institution in the form of Zebulon Brockway's New York Reformatory in 1876 in Elmira--"the first really large prison with a total program for the confinement and transformation of inmates"--it had expired by the 1960s, by which time reformers, penologists, and legislators on the left and right sought to practice rehabilitation and punishment in smaller, more numerous, decentralized, and presumably easier-to-control "facilities" and "correctional institutions" (11).
based on the company as total institution, Dynamic Cultural Theory); suggestions for further reading; and lessons for research, policy, and practice.
A prison is a total institution, it operates 24 hours-a-day, 365 days-a-year.
2) Institutional ownership: Top institution share ratio (liE) and total institution share ratio (TIE);

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