Arthroplasty

(redirected from total joint arthroplasty)
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Related to total joint arthroplasty: Total Joint Replacement, Total Knee Arthroplasty

arthroplasty

[′är·thrō‚plas·tē]
(medicine)
The making of an artificial joint.
Reconstruction of a new and functioning joint from an ankylosed one; a plastic operation upon a joint.

Arthroplasty

 

an operation that restores function of a joint.

Indications for arthroplasty are ankyloses, improperly knitted intra-articular fractures, and deforming arthroses. Arthroplasty consists in disconnecting the joint extremities, modeling new joint surfaces, and placing between them layers of the patient’s tissue (skin or fascia). Caps of cartilage or fetal membrane (amnion) are also used. Preserved joint extremities (homohemijoints) or whole joints (homojoints) taken from corpses, artificial joint heads of plastic or metal (for example, the head of the femur in arthroplasty of the hip joint), and artificial joints (for example, metallic prostheses of the hip joint or of finger joints) are widely used. After the operation, prolonged functional treatment (therapeutic exercise, physiotherapy, and massage) is mandatory.

REFERENCE

Chaklin, V. D. Operativnaia ortopediia. Moscow, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
Attempts to minimize surgical trauma in patients with PsA have developed because of the high morbidity and complication rates in those undergoing total joint arthroplasty.
With the advent of minimally invasive total joint arthroplasty, an interest in rapid rehabilitation protocols and early enrollment in outpatient physical therapy has evolved.
Rao and associates (14) conducted a prospective observational study of 636 colonized patients undergoing elective total joint arthroplasty who underwent a decolonization program.
The administration of a TNF-[alpha] blocker should be carefully considered and closely followed in patients who have undergone total joint arthroplasty.
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Alspach notes that for comparable patients with osteoarthritis, the chances of a family practice physician referring a patient for total joint arthroplasty (TJA) were two times higher for men than for women.
The topics include the history of joint replacement in veterinary surgery, methods of immediate fixation, revision strategies for total hip replacement, clinical applications of total elbow replacement in dogs, and custom total joint arthroplasty.
The patient's diagnosis is consistent with the Guide to Physical Therapy Practice preferred patient pattern 4H: Impaired Joint Mobility, Motor Function, Muscle Performance, and Range of Motion, Associated with Total Joint Arthroplasty.
Cost minimization analysis of preoperative erythropoietin vs autologous and allogeneic blood donation in total joint arthroplasty.
PRAXIM develops and commercializes advanced automated systems, software and instruments used by surgeons in the operating room to make total joint arthroplasty more effective.
It offers spinal surgery, total joint arthroplasty, revision total joint arthroplasty, limb deformity correction, non-union surgery, foot deformity surgery, treatment for neuromuscular disorders, orthopedic pediatric surgery and sports medicine.
It also offers total joint arthroplasty, revision total joint arthroplasty, limb lengthening and limb deformity correction, infective non-union surgery, foot deformities, neuromuscular disorders, sports medicine and ancillary services.

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