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Related to total joint arthroplasty: Total Joint Replacement, Total Knee Arthroplasty


The making of an artificial joint.
Reconstruction of a new and functioning joint from an ankylosed one; a plastic operation upon a joint.



an operation that restores function of a joint.

Indications for arthroplasty are ankyloses, improperly knitted intra-articular fractures, and deforming arthroses. Arthroplasty consists in disconnecting the joint extremities, modeling new joint surfaces, and placing between them layers of the patient’s tissue (skin or fascia). Caps of cartilage or fetal membrane (amnion) are also used. Preserved joint extremities (homohemijoints) or whole joints (homojoints) taken from corpses, artificial joint heads of plastic or metal (for example, the head of the femur in arthroplasty of the hip joint), and artificial joints (for example, metallic prostheses of the hip joint or of finger joints) are widely used. After the operation, prolonged functional treatment (therapeutic exercise, physiotherapy, and massage) is mandatory.


Chaklin, V. D. Operativnaia ortopediia. Moscow, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
inpatient total joint arthroplasty on hospital readmission rates.
Assessment of post-operative vigor in patients undergoing elective total joint arthroplasty.
Age as an independent risk factor for postoperative morbidity and mortality after total joint arthroplasty in patients 90 years of age or older.
Risk factors for surgical site infection following total joint arthroplasty.
Background: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is the main cause of failure following total joint arthroplasty.
Diabetes has been associated with increased rates of perioperative complications across several forms of total joint arthroplasty (hip, knee, ankle, and elbow) as well as spine surgery.
Lower limb total joint arthroplasty (TJA) consists of total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA), which are the most commonly performed orthopedic procedures for end-stage joint diseases.
Bonutti PM 2004 Minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty--midvastus approach In: Hozack WJ, Krismer M, Nogler M, Bonutti PM, Rachbauer F, Schaffer JL, Donnelly WJ (eds) Minimally Invasive Total Joint Arthroplasty Heidelberg, Springer

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