toxic waste


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toxic waste

is waste material, often in chemical form, that can cause death or injury to living creatures. It usually is the product of industry or commerce, but comes also from residential use, agriculture, the military, medical facilities, radioactive sources, and light industry, such as dry cleaning establishments. The term is often used interchangeably with "hazardous waste," or discarded material that can pose a long-term risk to health or environment. Toxics can be released into air, water, or land. In 1976 the Toxic Substances Control Act required the Environmental Protection Agency to regulate potentially hazardous industrial chemicals, including halogenated fluorocarbons, dioxin, asbestosasbestos,
common name for any of a variety of silicate minerals within the amphibole and serpentine groups that are fibrous in structure and more or less resistant to acid and fire.
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, polychlorinated biphenylspolychlorinated biphenyl
or PCB,
any of a group of organic compounds originally widely used in industrial processes but later found to be dangerous environmental pollutants. Polychlorinated biphenyl is a fat-soluble, water-insoluble hydrocarbon containing chlorine.
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 (PCBs), and vinyl chloride. Other federal legislation pertaining to hazardous wastes includes the Atomic Energy Act (1954), the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (1976), and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, or Superfund Act (1986). Toxic waste treatment and control has proved to be expensive and time-consuming with more resources spent on court battles than on actual cleanup. The disposal of toxic wastes is also a topic of international concern. In 1989, some 50 countries signed a treaty aimed at regulating the international shipment of toxic wastes. In some cases such wastes are shipped to developing countries for cheap disposal without the informed consent of their governments. The often substandard shipping, storage, and treatment methods endanger human health and the health of the environment. See air pollutionair pollution,
contamination of the air by noxious gases and minute particles of solid and liquid matter (particulates) in concentrations that endanger health. The major sources of air pollution are transportation engines, power and heat generation, industrial processes, and the
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; pollutionpollution,
contamination of the environment as a result of human activities. The term pollution refers primarily to the fouling of air, water, and land by wastes (see air pollution; water pollution; solid waste).
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; solid wastesolid waste,
discarded materials other than fluids. In the United States in 1996, nearly 210 million tons—about 4.3 lb. (2 kg) per person daily (up from 2.7 lb./1.2 kg in 1960)—were collected and disposed of by municipalities.
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; water pollutionwater pollution,
contamination of water resources by harmful wastes; see also sewerage, water supply, pollution, and environmentalism. Industrial Pollution
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.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Lawyer Richard Gutierrez, Executive Director of BAN Toxics, said "Illegal toxic waste trade is an international crime."
However, Greenpeace Australia opposes Orica's application as toxic waste shipment will involve shipping risk and the process which necessitate burning of the toxic material.
Last February, the BOC intercepted a shipment of 50 container vans with toxic waste that came from Canada and coming into the Port of Manila.
The contaminated soil and the toxic waste have been stored in plastic bags in the same area where the waste was dumped and policemen from the Ministry of Interior are guarding the site.
The nonprofit organization coordinated with Harris County Attorney Vince Ryan's Office to stage a press conference urging people to push the EPA to require the companies who dumped the toxic waste in the site to remove it.
Eight chemicals were sampled and collected at the toxic waste sites in 2010.
In relation to the inspection, a former senior manager of the yzmir factory, speaking on condition of anonymity to Radikal on Thursday, confirmed the fact that the toxic waste of the factory was buried on the site in an effort to save money by not sending the waste for proper disposal.
Hazardous: Toxic waste was discovered among rubbish dumped along a lane in Meriden.
After a German firm this week withdrew its offer to airlift the toxic waste from the Union Carbide's Bhopal premises because of " negative German media campaign", environment officials are looking to treat the waste at a well- equipped Indian plant.
19 -- A German firm has refused to remove 350 tonnes of toxic waste from Bhopal gas disaster site for disposal in Germany, claiming the soil was contaminated with insecticides and that the waste was not related to the world's worst industrial accident.
By MIRROR REPORTER CUSTOMS personnel have raided a diesel-laundering plant and uncovered five tonnes of "highly toxic waste", it emerged yesterday.