traffic regulation

traffic regulation,

control of the movement of vehicles and pedestrians, chiefly on city streets. Formal regulation of motor vehicle traffic was instituted in New York City in 1903; a set of Rules for Driving was issued by the police commissioner, and a traffic squad was formed. Similar systems were soon adopted in cities all over the world. Since that time, as the volume of traffic has increased, a variety of control mechanisms have been developed to regulate the safe flow of traffic.

Traffic Regulation

 

activity that ensures high-speed traffic flow and the safety of all concerned. The Convention on Road Traffic, Signs, and Signals—an international agreement that reflects the most advanced know-how in traffic regulation in the European countries—was adopted at the UN Conference in Vienna in 1968. The USSR was among the signatories.

The main trends in traffic-regulation work in the USSR are driver and pedestrian training; the use of persuasion and, where necessary, compulsion to produce compliance with the Traffic Regulations; improvement of road conditions and vehicles; and control of road traffic. A number of requirements are imposed on drivers, pedestrians, and passengers; in the USSR the requirements are formulated in the Traffic Regulations and other normative documents. For example, anyone who has reached the age of 18 and has passed tests at the State Motor Vehicle Inspectorate on the theory and practice of driving may become a motor-vehicle driver. In addition, each driver must pass a medical examination. The increasing density of traffic and the growing complexity of conditions on the roads have made it necessary to teach pedestrians the elementary safety rules as well; not only drivers but also all other participants in traffic have civil responsibility for violation of traffic rules; if a violation has serious consequences, the violator may be held criminally responsible. A course in the Traffic Regulations is given at general-educational schools.

Explanatory and educational work carried on by such means as the mass media is also part of traffic regulation.

The Construction Standards and Rules, according to which the country’s road network is planned and built, and also the safety standards in motor-vehicle design, are of great importance for proper traffic regulation. They ensure that necessary technical steps are taken to improve road conditions and the design of vehicles. Traffic-regulation measures are also part of standard plans for construction in population centers. Motor vehicles must meet requirements that help prevent accidents (steering, brake system, and so on), and also requirements for passive safety equipment, which reduces the severity of consequences when an accident is unavoidable. Vehicles are checked by the State Motor Vehicle Inspectorate.

In the USSR, traffic regulation relies on studies of the rules of the road and takes into account prospects for the development of motor-vehicle transportation.

V. V. LUK’IANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
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PUBLIC NOTICES The COUNCIL made The Stirling Council (Drumloist Road nr Callander) (Temporary Closure - Amendment) Order 2018 under the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (as amended) on 26-10-18.
STOCKTON-ON-TEES BOROUGH COUNCIL ALLENS WEST LEVEL CROSSING, DURHAM LANE, EAGLESCLIFFE TEMPORARY CLOSURE ORDER 2018 ROAD TRAFFIC REGULATION ACT 1984 Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council made the above Order under Section 14(1) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 on 24th August 2018, the Highway Authority being satisfied that access to the said road should be prohibited because works are being or are proposed to be carried out on the road.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that on 23 August 2018 the Council of the City of Newcastle upon Tyne made an Order under Sections 32, 35, 45, 46, 49, 53, 63 and Part IV of Schedule 9 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 which amends the City of Newcastle upon Tyne (On Street Parking Places) Order 2009 ("the On Street Order").
(VARIOUS ROADS, THE BOROUGH OF CHARNWOOD) CONSOLIDATION ORDER 2017 (KING STREET, SILEBY AND MAIN STREET, SWITHLAND) (AMENDMENT 7) ORDER 2018 NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the Leicestershire County Council has made an Order under Sections 1, 2, 4, 5, 32, 35, 45, 46, 47, 49 and Part IV of Schedule 9 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 and in compliance with the provisions of the Road Traffic Act 1991 and the Traffic Management Act 2004, the effect of which will be:-1.
MANCHESTER CITY COUNCIL TEMPORARY ROAD TRAFFIC REGULATION ORDER ROAD TRAFFIC REGULATION ACT 1984 SECTION 14 (AS AMENDED) ORDER NO.
Dated McLoughlin, City Solicitor, Legal Services 27 September 2017 Traffic Regulation Orders Affecting Murry Close, L12 Notice is hereby given that on the 26th September 2017, the Council made the below-mentioned Orders under Sections 1, 2, 4, 19, 32, 35, 38, 45-46, 49, 53, 84 & Part IV of Schedule 9 to The Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984, to become operative on the 2nd October 2017, the effect of which will be:- 1.
Using traffic regulation orders, Kirklees has made all council vehicles exempt from fines for breaking the rules.