traffic regulation

traffic regulation,

control of the movement of vehicles and pedestrians, chiefly on city streets. Formal regulation of motor vehicle traffic was instituted in New York City in 1903; a set of Rules for Driving was issued by the police commissioner, and a traffic squad was formed. Similar systems were soon adopted in cities all over the world. Since that time, as the volume of traffic has increased, a variety of control mechanisms have been developed to regulate the safe flow of traffic.

Traffic Regulation

 

activity that ensures high-speed traffic flow and the safety of all concerned. The Convention on Road Traffic, Signs, and Signals—an international agreement that reflects the most advanced know-how in traffic regulation in the European countries—was adopted at the UN Conference in Vienna in 1968. The USSR was among the signatories.

The main trends in traffic-regulation work in the USSR are driver and pedestrian training; the use of persuasion and, where necessary, compulsion to produce compliance with the Traffic Regulations; improvement of road conditions and vehicles; and control of road traffic. A number of requirements are imposed on drivers, pedestrians, and passengers; in the USSR the requirements are formulated in the Traffic Regulations and other normative documents. For example, anyone who has reached the age of 18 and has passed tests at the State Motor Vehicle Inspectorate on the theory and practice of driving may become a motor-vehicle driver. In addition, each driver must pass a medical examination. The increasing density of traffic and the growing complexity of conditions on the roads have made it necessary to teach pedestrians the elementary safety rules as well; not only drivers but also all other participants in traffic have civil responsibility for violation of traffic rules; if a violation has serious consequences, the violator may be held criminally responsible. A course in the Traffic Regulations is given at general-educational schools.

Explanatory and educational work carried on by such means as the mass media is also part of traffic regulation.

The Construction Standards and Rules, according to which the country’s road network is planned and built, and also the safety standards in motor-vehicle design, are of great importance for proper traffic regulation. They ensure that necessary technical steps are taken to improve road conditions and the design of vehicles. Traffic-regulation measures are also part of standard plans for construction in population centers. Motor vehicles must meet requirements that help prevent accidents (steering, brake system, and so on), and also requirements for passive safety equipment, which reduces the severity of consequences when an accident is unavoidable. Vehicles are checked by the State Motor Vehicle Inspectorate.

In the USSR, traffic regulation relies on studies of the rules of the road and takes into account prospects for the development of motor-vehicle transportation.

V. V. LUK’IANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: contracting of the management of the centralized traffic regulation system of the city of logroo
CITY OF NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE (BYKER WALL AREA) TEMPORARY TRAFFIC REGULATION (No.
The COUNCIL made The Stirling Council (Springfield Terrace, Dunblane) (Temporary Suspension of Parking) Order 2018 under the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (as amended) on 9-2-18.
Dated McLoughlin, City Solicitor, Legal Services 27 September 2017 Traffic Regulation Orders Affecting Murry Close, L12 Notice is hereby given that on the 26th September 2017, the Council made the below-mentioned Orders under Sections 1, 2, 4, 19, 32, 35, 38, 45-46, 49, 53, 84 & Part IV of Schedule 9 to The Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984, to become operative on the 2nd October 2017, the effect of which will be:- 1.
Using traffic regulation orders, Kirklees has made all council vehicles exempt from fines for breaking the rules.
CITY COUNCIL NOTICES TEMPORARY PUBLIC RIGHT OF WAY CLOSURE FOOTPATH CLOSURE - BULL YARD TO WARWICK LANE Coventry City Council, under the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984, (as amended), has made a temporary Order, the effect of which will be a closure of the length of footpath detailed below (when appropriate signage is in place).
ROAD TRAFFIC REGULATION ACT 1984 - SECTION 14(1)(A) THE A38(M) ASTON EXPRESSWAY W (GRAVELLY HILL, BIRMINGHAM) (A5127 LINK ROAD) (TEMPORARY PROHIBITION OF TRAFFIC) ORDER 2015 NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that Highways England Company Limited (Company no.
THE COUNCIL OF THE BOROUGH OF MIDDLESBROUGH NEWHAM WAY TEMPORARY TRAFFIC REGULATION ORDER 2015 NOTICE is hereby given that on 15TH April 2015 Middlesbrough Council made an Order which prevents vehicles from using the lengths of road set out below because of works taking place on or near the road.
Hence, it is very important to determine the students' attitude and knowledge toward the road traffic regulation in Saudi Arabia.
ROAD TRAFFIC REGULATION ACT 1984 THE A1 TRUNK ROAD (GOSFORTH PARK NORTHBOUND LAYBY) (PROHIBITION OF WAITING) ORDER NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the Secretary of State for Transport has made an Order under Sections 1(1) and 2(1) and (2) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984, on the A1 Trunk Road in the District of Newcastle upon Tyne.
Two tenders for the supply of (a) one crane duly equipped for traffic regulation works, also (b) different traffic regulation equipment & tools.
So far, 1400 motorcycles and 4000 vehicles were found violating traffic regulation and ordered to stop moving.