Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Wikipedia.
Related to training: Training Day


(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.




The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gyrotonic[R]/Gyrokinesis[R] Pre/Teacher Training. Specialized Equipment Training.
Consequently, Northern College is participating in 80 per cent of the training where presently, more than 50 programs are being offered.
Carlos Palacios, a reservist with 332nd Transportation Corps Battalion out of Tampa, Fla., during a recent training at the Port of Beaumont for deployment preparation to Kuwait.
As you begin to assess your athlete's training, you not only have to look at the physical demands placed on the body, but the psychological load as well.
Initial findings indicated that any cognitive training, even without booster sessions, yielded improved scores 2 years later on tests of memory, reasoning, or visual concentration (SN: 11/16/02, p.
For these three important reasons, 20 hours of training were developed to build the capacity of special educators to use positive behavioral supports within self-contained programs serving students with EBD.
"Local 164 recognized the need for highly skilled, specially trained telecommunications apprentices when this state-of-the-art technology was being introduced into New Jersey's marketplace more than 20 years ago," said Paul Lagana, assistant training director of the telecommunications division.
The CAT concept allows these specialists to concentrate their efforts on jobs that require the advanced level of training that they possess.
"We think this is an excellent approach that controls costs yet provides effective training. We would propose that all U.S.
In 2000, 136 training kits were disseminated in the United States.
Oxford Instruments of Boston also offers formal classroom training in the form of monthly sessions held at four different locations in the United States, business development manager Mark Lessard says.
Today, sexual harassment training is more than a suggestion--it's state law.

Full browser ?