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Related to training: Training Day


(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.



in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.




References in periodicals archive ?
Kane said that even though SDDC continuously monitors the training and readiness status of its units, prior to mobilization and deployment SDDC requests an update to ensure that the unit has the most up-to-date training and systems available.
Because CAT would have an expanded role as a homeland security prevention and response team, much additional training would prove necessary.
So, employers should take the time to ensure that they have a knowledgeable trainer with an extensive training and harassment-prevention background.
For the first training group, participants were selected from a convenience sample of practicing school counselors by the posting of an invitation to participate on the district's school counselor listserv.
It is administered by DLIELC to their resident students bound for further training in the U.
BARTON: What are some of the major challenges your customers face in training and development?
The training sessions offered by the new network include basic background information on environmental public health, building science, and specific housing-related hazards.
By making the training system the first priority for program funding, we are doing something that no other major acquisition programs are doing that I am aware of," says retired Marine Corps Lt.
training module on restraint-free care, offered by the Penn Nursing Hartford Center of Geriatric Nursing Excellence (www.
Another factor that increases the amount of training required in today's firms is higher job turnover due to increased employee mobility.
The stressor in strength training has three stages: alarm-reaction, resistance, and exhaustion.
Make all increases in training load (either mileage or speed) gradually Although research has not confirmed it, a 10% increase in either intensity or volume (not both) per week is a good rule of thumb that is widely accepted, especially for novice runners.

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