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(1) In scholasticism, any one of such extremely broad concepts as the single, the true, or the good.
(2) In Kantian philosophy, an a priori form of perception—one of the cognitive forms that organize empirical knowledge. In this sense, the forms of perception, space and time, and categories such as substance and causality are transcendentals. Kant defined as transcendental “all knowledge that has to do not so much with objects as with the form of our apperception of objects, inasmuch as such knowledge must be possible a priori” (Soch., vol. 3, Moscow, 1964, p. 121).
The concept of the transcendental is not used in Marxist philosophy.