transcendental

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transcendental

1. (in the philosophy of Kant)
a. (of a judgment or logical deduction) being both synthetic and a priori
b. of or relating to knowledge of the presuppositions of thought
2. Philosophy beyond our experience of phenomena, although not beyond potential knowledge
3. Theol surpassing the natural plane of reality or knowledge; supernatural or mystical
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Transcendental

 

(1) In scholasticism, any one of such extremely broad concepts as the single, the true, or the good.

(2) In Kantian philosophy, an a priori form of perception—one of the cognitive forms that organize empirical knowledge. In this sense, the forms of perception, space and time, and categories such as substance and causality are transcendentals. Kant defined as transcendental “all knowledge that has to do not so much with objects as with the form of our apperception of objects, inasmuch as such knowledge must be possible a priori” (Soch., vol. 3, Moscow, 1964, p. 121).

The concept of the transcendental is not used in Marxist philosophy.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.