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The therapeutic use of electricity.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also electrotherapeutics), treatment by electric currents and electromagnetic fields. Electrotherapy involves the use of low-voltage direct currents alternating currents (including low-frequency pulsating currents), a high-tension constant electric field, or electromagnetic fields of different frequencies (including microwaves). Treatment involves local or general exposure with electrodes in procedures requiring electric current and without electrodes when using electromagnetic fields.

The numerous factors involved in electrotherapy and the possibility of changing their parameters make it possible to individualize the procedures. The use of electrotherapy in a pulsed mode is particularly effective, because the controllable frequency and duration of the pulses help normalize many disturbed physiological processes. Low-frequency pulsating currents produce effects similar to those of nerve impulses and exert a trophic influence on tissues, thereby normalizing impaired neuroendocrine regulation and selectively stimulating certain organs and systems. All methods of electrotherapy provoke general, that is, nonspecific, reactions, for example, intensification of blood flow, metabolism, tissue nutrition, and compensatory and defensive responses. In addition, each factor provokes specific reactions whose manifestations vary with its physical properties, as well as with the technique used and the characteristics of the organism.

As a result of advances in the study of the therapeutic action of physical factors and in electrical technology and electromedical instrument design, electrotherapy occupies a prominent place in the treatment of many diseases and in rehabilitation.


Anikin, M. M., and G. S. Varshaver. Osnovy fizioterapii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1950.
Liventsev, N. M., and A. R. Livenson. Elektromeditsinskaia apparatura, 4th ed. Moscow, 1974.
Spravochnik po fizioterapii. Edited by A. N. Obrosov. Moscow, 1976.
Dumoulin, J., and G. de Bisschop. Electrothérapie, 2nd ed. Paris, 1971.
Edel, H. Fibel der Electrodiagnostik und Electrotherapie, 3rd ed. Dresden, 1975.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in patients with peripheral and central neuropathic pain.
Effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for treatment of hyperalgesia and pain.
Valeriani et al., "Long-lasting modulation of human motor cortex following prolonged transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) of forearm muscles: evidence of reciprocal inhibition and facilitation," Experimental Brain Research, vol.
Sluka, "Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for acute pain," Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2015.
Shomoto, "Effect of modulated-frequency and modulated-intensity transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation after abdominal surgery: a randomized controlled trial," Clinical Journal of Pain, vol.
Efficacy of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in children with overactive bladder refractory to pharmacotherapy.
Effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on pain in patients with spinal cord injury: a randomized controlled trial.
External neurostimulation devices market is further segmented into transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and respiratory electrical stimulation (RES).
According to some studies, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) can be used as a safer alternative intervention to reduce pain in patients that are experiencing mild to moderate pain measured through the visual analog scale (VAS) pain score.
There are certain therapies, such as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and other physiotherapeutic activities, which cause stimulation of the A-fibres, thereby blocking the slower C-fibres and modulating pain.
The case was assessed as pudendal nerve neuropathy in our clinic and 21 sessions of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation was applied to perineal region in acupuncture mode for 45 minutes twice a day.
Dermatology consultation for skin lesion confirmed the diagnosis of NR As a treatment, 900 mg/day gabapentin was initiated and increased gradually Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) (10 mA, 50 Hz, 50 [micro]sn for 20 min) was applied, and isometric, joint range of motion, and strengthening exercises were intermittently given to the cervical and dorsal vertebral region for 10 days.

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