Cholangiography

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Related to transhepatic cholangiography: cholangiogram

cholangiography

[kə‚lan·j̄ē′äg·rə·fē]
(medicine)
Roentgenography of the bile ducts.

Cholangiography

 

roentgenographic examination of the gallbladder and bile ducts after the introduction (orally or intravenously) of an iodine-containing contrast agent that is excreted with bile. The procedure is not applied in the case of pronounced jaundice. Cholangiography yields a clear picture of the anatomical structure and functioning of the gallbladder and bile ducts; it reveals the presence of calculi, or gallstones (cholelithiasis), inflammatory changes (cholecystitis or cholangitis), and disruption of the emptying mechanism of the bladder (dyskinesia).

REFERENCES

Lindenbraten, L. D. Rentgenologicheskoe issledovanie pecheni i zhelchnykh putei. Leningrad, 1953.
Gal’perin, E. I., and I. M. Ostrovskaia. Kontrastnoe issledovanie v khirurgii zhelchnykh putei. Moscow, 1964.
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The choices of treatment methods of biliary casts are quite varied and includes choledochoscope, ERCP and percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography drainage.
Medical College, Udaipur, the present study was undertaken to know the cause, site and extent of biliary tract obstruction with the help of various investigations especially ultrasonography, CT scan and percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC): extent of liver damage through biochemical tests and feasibility of surgery.
Patients with jaundice due to irresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma underwent percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) and biliary stenting as the initial procedure, while those with bile duct obstruction below the hilum had endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and stenting as the initial procedure.
8) Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) also has the potential to both diagnose and treat biliary disease; however, it, too, suffers from significant morbidity and mortality--up to 2.
Originally used in transhepatic cholangiography, its safety is well established for the entire gamut of abdominal punctures.
To date US oral cholecystography oral cholecysto-computed tomography, scintigraphy, magnetic resonance cholangiography, percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography have been used preoperatively to diagnose these anomalies (6).