Curves CD and AB in Figure 9 are the optimal transition curves, which are discussed in the following paragraphs.
The wire-to-water efficiency penalty contours are also simulated near the optimal transition curves.
The optimal operating regions as well as the wire-to-water efficiency penalty contours are independent with the loop flow rate and pressure drop, therefore, the transition curves for operating pump sequencing control can be developed as pump performance data by pump manufacturers.
Sometimes the transition curves discussed above can not meet other conditions such as slickness, fairness, and then the functional of transition curve is built as Eq.
Transition curve design is important to transmission performance.
The transition curve needs to meet some conditions according to the specific circumstances.
45 kilometers; geometry correction curves consisting of extended arc transition curves
for optimal speed on curves, cleansing or restoring drainage ditches side (deep drainage in areas of its occurrence), improving the bottom of the ditch with the relevant slants roadside ditch at a total length of 46.
The most important property of the transition curves is the curvature change which directly depends on the curvature length l.
The most experienced transition curves among these recommended curves in the open literature are clot-hoid, lemniscates, cubic parabola, cubic spiral sinusoidal, bloss and 2R radius circles (Can et al.
The relative transition curves depict the relative transition coefficients [h.
Figure 1 depicts the relative transition curves of each country's real GDP per capita calculated from Eq.
However, after the scanning the virtual surfaces were not even and the transition curves