Encephalopathy

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Related to Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy: bovine spongiform encephalopathy

encephalopathy

[en‚sef·ə′läp·ə·thē]
(medicine)
Any disease of the brain.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Encephalopathy

 

a collective term that designates a noninflammatory organic disease of the brain. Some encephalopathies are innate, resulting from embryopathy. Others are the result of infection, poisoning, trauma, or vascular disease of the brain. There are no specific manifestations. The most common encephalopathies resemble neuroses (asthenia, irritability, insomnia, headaches) or psychoses (narrowed scope of interests, passivity, emotional instability, vulgarity). Symptoms may include memory loss or mental deterioration.

Alcoholic encephalopathies are alcoholic psychoses. They may be acute, as in Wernicke’s encephalopathy (named for the German neuropathologist C. Wernicke, who described the condition in 1881), or chronic, as in Korsakov’s psychosis (named for S. S. Korsakov) and alcoholic pseudoparalysis. Lead encephalopathy is caused by chronic poisoning by lead salts.

Treatment for encephalopathies depends on the cause of the disease.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this regard, acquisition of novel properties by a sporadic cattle transmissible spongiform encephalopathy agent by a physicochemical treatment, such as that applied to carcass-derived products, has been invoked as a possible origin for the BSE epidemic (7).
The European Commission has launched a formal investigation into Luxembourg's failure to confirm it had complied with EU guidelines on state aid for TSE (transmissible spongiform encephalopathy) tests, fallen stock and slaughterhouse waste.
This assay clearly discriminates experimental ovine BSE from other scrapie strains and was used to screen 260 transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE)--infected small ruminant samples identified by the French active surveillance network (2002/2003).
The report also supported Commission plans to extend testing for transmissible spongiform encephalopathy in sheep.Similarly, the Parliament supported a complete ban on the use of catering waste - a matter that has been holding up legislation on the disposal of animal by-products.
Transmissible mink encepholapathy (TME) is a food-borne transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) of ranch-raised mink; infection with a ruminant TSE has been proposed as the cause, but the precise origin of TME is unknown.
The risk is only present when a killed animal, although healthy, is incubating a Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE) such as BSE and there is an infection in the brain.The use of pneumatic stunners and captive bolt stunners, say the scientists, presents such a risk.
A report on "The evaluation of tests for the diagnoses of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy in bovines" will be published by the European Commission in a leading scientific journal as soon as possible.
Until recently, transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) in cattle was believed to be caused by a single strain of infectious agent identified at the beginning of a foodbome epidemic of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE).
On July 22, the EU executive issued a Recommendation to the Member States, as well as to third countries, on providing information required to assess their transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) status.

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