transmissive LCD

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Related to transmissive LCD: transflective LCD, Transflective

transmissive LCD

An LCD screen that uses a backlight. Transmissive LCDs are widely used in portable computers and provide excellent viewing indoors. They must be used outdoors in the shade because direct sunlight overwhelms the backlight, making viewing difficult. See LCD, LCD subpixels and LCD types.

Reflective LCD
A reflective LCD uses the ambient light in the vicinity. The light passes through the LCD layer to a mirror, which reflects it back to the viewer. The least costly, reflective LCDs require bright ambient light. Viewing is difficult in dark rooms or outdoors at night. Reflective LCDs can also be built with frontlights, which significantly improve the viewing in dimly lit environments.

Transflective LCD
A transflective LCD uses both transmissive and reflective methods. It uses a backlight as does transmissive, but also adds a reflective mirror that lets light pass through from the back.

Transflective LCDs are a compromise that allows users to obtain better viewing under both lighting conditions. However, because the mirror is built to let through backlight as well as reflect frontlight, it cannot do both equally as well as mirrors dedicated to one purpose. As a result, transflective LCDs are typically not quite as bright as transmissive units indoors and not as bright as reflective ones outdoors.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Optrex America's F-51553 Series of 128 x 64 dot COG (chip-on-glass) monochrome STN transmissive LCD modules feature a 2.8" diagonal area that can display text and graphics together, providing an alternative to straight character displays for applications requiring an integrated text!
F-5 1320 Series chip-on-glass monochrome STN transmissive LCD modules feature 2.8" diagonal display area for display of text, graphics or both.
Transmissive LCDs work best indoors or in controlled light environments.