Thoracotomy

(redirected from transsternal thoracotomy)
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thoracotomy

 

surgical incision of the wall of the chest. It is performed to treat diseases of or injury to the organs of the thorax, or for drainage of exudates. Thoracotomy is sometimes used in operations on organs of the upper abdomen, particularly the cardiac portion of the stomach. Depending on the site of the organ to be operated on and the disease, thoracotomy may be anterior, posterior, lateral, anterolateral, or posterolateral; other types of thoracotomy include pleurotomy, mediastinotomy, and pericardiotomy and their combinations. Thoracotomy is performed under general anesthesia, most commonly intratracheal, in combination with relaxants and controlled respiration.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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