But even pleural fluid to serum cholinesterase ratio misclassified one each case of transudate
Cabrer et al (8) estimated pseudocholinesterase activity in pleural effusions of diverse aetiologies and concluded that there exists difference in the activity of pseudocholinesterase among different types of pleural effusions and it was possible to differentiate them into transudates
and exudates with pseudocholinesterase levels.
Thickening and increased attenuation of extrapleural fat may be associated with both transudates
and exudates, but are more likely to be found in exudative effusions (Table 2).
Albumin gradient (serum albumin minus PE albumin) <12g/L for exudates and >12g/L for transudates
Because pleural effusion is due to an underlying disease, it must be differentiated into transudate
or exudate to know its exact etiopathology so that appropriate management can be done.
According to the composition of the pleural fluid, pleural effusions are classically divided in two type transudates
7) A history of cardiac, liver or renal failure may suggest a transudate
, whereas a history of a recent diagnosis of a malignancy would suggest a malignant effusion.
The total protein concentration of the pleural fluid allowed the differential diagnosis between exudate and transudate
Pleural fluid was a transudate
infected by Staphylococcus aureus sensitive to azithromycin which was administered to the patient.
In other words, ascite is accumulation of non-inflammatory transudate
fluid in one of the eight body cavities [1,6].
While blood remains the most reliable specimen for HIV testing, oral mucosal transudate
(OMT) specimens produce reliable results when collected for HIV testing using the Orasure device and tested with the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
The fluid that accumulates in the lungs during cardiogenic pulmonary edema has low protein (lactic dehydrogenase) content and is called a transudate