Myelitis

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myelitis

[‚mī·ə′līd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the spinal cord.
Inflammation of the bone marrow.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Myelitis

 

inflammation of the spinal cord.

Primary myelitides are caused by various neurotropic viruses; secondary myelitides are caused by infections, allergies, and injuries. The inflammation is rarely isolated to the spinal cord; the sheath of the spinal cord and the nerve roots are also often affected. Primary focal myelitis develops in acute form and is characterized by elevation in temperature, pain, and disturbances of nervous-system function. Death of nerve cells results in flaccid paralyses, segmental disturbance of sensitivity, and spastic pareses; pelvic disturbances (urinary or fecal incontinence or retention) are not uncommon. Bedsores, edema, and hyperhidrosis are often encountered.

Treatment includes vitamin therapy and administration of antibiotics and desensitizing agents; orthopedic packs are suggested to relieve paralysis. Treatment during the period of myelitis sequelae includes massage, exercise, balneotherapy, and administration of stimulants.

L. O. BADALIAN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Transverse myelitis and systemic lupus erythematosus.
of confirmed suspected (n=87) cases (n=318) cases (%) (%) Fever 87 (100) 318 (100) Joint pain 87 (100) 318 (100) Headache 48 (55.17) 179 (56) Rash 27 (31) 38 (12) Oral ulcer 09 (10.34) 31 (10) Lymph node enlargement 12 (13.7) 04 (1.25) Altered consciousness 06 (6.8) 05 (1.5) Bleeding tendencies 01 (1.1) 01 (0.3) Signs Chronic polyarthritis 22 (25.28) 75 (23.5) Rash (Maculopapular) 27 (31.03) 38 (12) Cervical 08 (9.19) 04 (1.25) lymphadenopathy Generalized lymphadenopathy 04 (4.5) 01 (0.3) Oral ulcer /gingivitis 09 (10.34) 31 (10) Encephalitis 06 (6.9) 05 (1.5) Transverse myelitis 02 (2.2) 03 (0.7) AIDP ( GB syndrome) Nil 02 (0.4) Haemorrhagic manifestation 01 (1.1) 01 (0.3)
Non-benign, non-disseminated syndromes Transverse myelitis Devic's disease Disseminated diseases Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) Acute haemorrhagic encephalomyelitis Multiple sclerosis Relapsing-remitting (Charcot-type) multiple sclerosis Primary progressive multiple sclerosis Marburg disease Schilder's disease (Balo's disease) * 'Benign focal inflammatory demyelination' has been proposed as a term to cover monophasic and monofocal syndromes seen in MS.
Idiopathic acute transverse myelitis. MR imaging findings.
A diagnosis of acute transverse myelitis was given and he was commenced on a five day course of 500mg methylprednisone intravenously.
Out of 100 patients, 32 patients had thrombocytopenia, 9 patients had arthralgias /arthritis, 7 patients had AKI, 5 patients had pancreatitis, 4 patients had rash, one patient had acute transverse myelitis and thrombocytosis.
Magnetic resonance images of the brain showed no abnormalities, but those of the spinal cord showed longitudinal lesions consistent with transverse myelitis (Figure).
Central nervous system (CNS) involvement predominates over peripheral nervous system disease and may take the form of diffuse disease (e.g., psychosis and depression) or focal disease (e.g., cerebrovascular disease and transverse myelitis) depending upon the anatomic location of pathology.
Little Poppy Mernagh is battling Transverse Myelitis - a condition that affects just one in 800,000 people.
Her doctors now think she may have spinal inflammation, or transverse myelitis, that could have been caused by anything-from autoimmune disease to a viral infection, she said.
It took a full week of tests at Glasgow's Southern General Hospital to establish that Gordon had contracted the rare neurological disorder transverse myelitis.

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