process

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process,

in law: see procedureprocedure,
in law, the rules that govern the obtaining of legal redress. This article deals only with civil procedure in Anglo-American law (for criminal procedure, see criminal law).
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

process

[′prä‚ses]
(anatomy)
A projection from the central mass of an organism.
(computer science)
To assemble, compile, generate, interpret, compute, and otherwise act on information in a computer.
A program that is running on a computer.
(engineering)
A system or series of continuous or regularly occurring actions taking place in a predetermined or planned manner to produce a desired result.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

process

1. Law
a. a summons, writ, etc., commanding a person to appear in court
b. the whole proceedings in an action at law
2. Biology a natural outgrowth or projection of a part, organ, or organism
3. Computing a distinct subtask of a computer system which can be regarded as proceeding in parallel with other subtasks of the system
4. Film, TV denoting a film, film scene, shot, etc., made by techniques that produce unusual optical effects
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

process

1. <operating system, software> The sequence of states of an executing program. A process consists of the program code (which may be shared with other processes which are executing the same program), private data, and the state of the processor, particularly the values in its registers. It may have other associated resources such as a process identifier, open files, CPU time limits, shared memory, child processes, and signal handlers.

One process may, on some platforms, consist of many threads. A multitasking operating system can run multiple processes concurrently or in parallel, and allows a process to spawn "child" processes.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

process

(1) To manipulate data in the computer. The computer is said to be processing no matter what action it is taking upon the data; whether the data are actually being updated in a database or just being displayed on screen.

In order to evaluate a computer system's performance, the time it takes to process data internally is often analyzed separately from the time it takes to get it in and out of the computer. The I/O (input/output) is usually more time consuming than the processing. For an explanation of how the computer processes data, see "Processing" under the term computer. See also process technology.

(2) Software running in the computer. When a computer is booted, numerous processes are started. Some are parts of the operating system, while others are applications that have been designated to run at startup. In a Windows computer, pressing Ctrl-Alt-Del launches the Task Manager, which displays all running processes. In the Mac, the Activity Monitor in the Applications/Utilities folder shows the processes. See Windows processes.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Surgical excision of the pseudo-articulation of the right L5 transverse process with the sacrum was done (Figure 4).
The [C.sub.2] and/or [C.sub.3] transverse process block technique is a modification of the deep cervical plexus block that has been utilized to provide anesthesia to the head and neck region [15].
The prevalence rate of enlarged C7 transverse processes was 1.20%, <2.21% noted for London population and 23% in a population in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
The transverse processes are high but not prominent, reaching the pedicels of the neural arch and the neurocentral suture.
Traumatic lumbosacral spondylolisthesis is the result of high-energy injury usually accompanied with multi-trauma7 and the concomitant transverse process fractures were reported in most of cases.9
Patients with transverse process fractures of the cervical spine and upper cervical vertebral body fractures should undergo CTA to exclude vertebral artery injury.
A longitudinal view of the transverse process and its tip should be displayed medially, with the pleura lateral and slightly deeper.
Projecting laterally from the pedicles are the transverse processes. The transverse processes act as attachment sites for various muscles and ligaments of the back.
Fascicles from the rotatores, multifidus and semispinalis muscles pass between one and six segments before inserting into a transverse process (Clemente 2006, Moore & Dalley 2006, Rosse & Gaddum-Rosse 1997).
Rostral scale movements are powered by retractions of the palato-pterygoid bar mediated by a ligament that connects the anterior end of the palatine to the transverse process of the premaxilla.
Occasionally the tips of the transverse processes of the vertebral bodies will appear more dense, and it will be difficult to appreciate their association with the rest of the transverse process, which may be rather faint.

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