For the longitudinal reinforcement, simple beam model equations were used and for the transverse reinforcement
, Model I recommended by ABNT (2014) was selected.
Coupling beams between special structural walls (shear walls) are typically reinforced with diagonal bars that are "woven" together with dense transverse reinforcement
, he adds.
Further research work needs to be conducted to expand the finite element model for accommodating the vertically placed reinforcing steel, to model the transverse reinforcement
Main reinforcement and transverse reinforcement
are fixed in a cage form and placed with cover adjustment.
With robust steel transverse reinforcement
in the top cover, the product is two to three times more resistant to impact breaks than conventional steel cord conveyor belts without transverse reinforcement
, according to the company.
Headed reinforcing bars (referred to as "headed bars" hereafter) are becoming increasingly popular as longitudinal and transverse reinforcement
for relatively large reinforced concrete structures that are exposed to extreme loads such as earthquakes or blasts.
Most of the shear design equations (ACI 318-08 2008; TS500 2000) provide a simple superposition of transverse reinforcement
and concrete strength.
Version 2012 also has many new features such as improved tools for placing rebars in identical elements and counting the global quantities at the project level, new options for visual representation of elements (automatic highlighted of listed rebars and fabrics when selecting lists, new representation options for frames of a transverse reinforcement
, improved color use for visual identification of bars and their diameters, etc.
The transverse reinforcement
in the form of closed rectangular two legged stirrups of 8 mm diameter high strength cold twisted bars at 200 mm c/c.
For the transverse reinforcement
that supports the longitudinal reinforcement, the contractor placed #6 GFRP and #5 transverse black steel rebars at 1.
This work will be done one lane at a time and the transverse reinforcement
spliced using mechanical couplers.
Four series of beams were tested: OA series containing no transverse reinforcement
and A-, B-, and C-series all containing transverse reinforcement