compared the strength of FEW to that of SPR for joining 5754 aluminum to TWIP steels and found that SPR produced a joint with a transverse shear
strength (TSS) of about 8 kN while FEW produced a joint with a strength of around 6 kN .
The latter includes the effects of transverse shear
deformation and rotary inertia and thus is a more general approach than the former.
Many reinforced concrete buildings suffered severe damage and/or collapse in recent earthquakes due to poor detailing of joint reinforcement (amount of transverse shear
reinforcement in joints and anchorage of longitudinal beam bars in columns) Murty et al.
Buckling analysis of rectangular plate with hexagonal honeycomb core under combined axial compression and transverse shear
loads is given in the reference .
Materials Epoxy Carbon fiber Axial coefficient of thermal 43.92e - 6 -0.83e - 6 expansion (1/[degrees]C) Transverse coefficient of thermal 43.92e - 6 6.84e - 6 expansion (1/[degrees]C) Axial Poisson's ratio 0.37 0.2 Transverse Poisson's ratio 0.37 0.4 Axial elastic modulus (GPa) 4.35 377 Transverse elastic modulus (GPa) 4.35 6.21 Axial shear modulus (GPa) 1.59 7.59 Transverse shear
modulus (GPa) 1.59 2.21 Volume fraction (%) 80.4 19.6
Meanwhile, the velocity from left to right is applied to the side wall of the lower part for transverse shear
A more practical modelling of elastic foundation can be implemented using Pasternak foundation model  which regards both normal pressure and transverse shear
stress using two modulus parameters corresponding to each one.
Kirchhoff-Love (KL) shell theory assumes zero transverse shear
strains and is appropriate for thin shells.
For the thickness coordinate z [member of] [-h/2, +h/2], where h = 1.2m, the numerical results of the transverse shear
stresses through the thickness are computed (see Table 3).
In addition, shear correction factors have to be incorporated in the FSDTs to adjust the transverse shear
stiffness due to the fact that the transverse shear
strains in the FSDTs are assumed to be constant in the thickness direction.
In this theory the thickness stretching effect ([epsilon]z [not equal to] 0) was also included and the transverse shear
deformation effects were considered without requiring shear correction factors.