(redirected from treasures)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Idioms.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) Objects considered valuable by the owner that are secreted, most often by being buried in the ground. Such treasures are known everywhere and usually contain important historical remains. The most ancient treasures date from the Neolithic and Aeneolithic and comprise stone implements and weapons. Treasures of battle and ceremonial weapons, axes, sickles, copper ingots, and ornaments have been preserved from the Bronze Age. Later treasures primarily contain a variety of valuables and coins. By tracing the sites of treasures on maps, the expansion of settlements and the direction of trade routes can be determined. The largest number of treasures have been buried during times of national misfortune and major historical events. Thus, most ancient Russian treasures are connected with the Mongol-Tatar invasion of the 13th century. The abundance of treasures of 17th-century Russian coins (mostly found in clay vessels) is the result of the stormy events of the century—the wars and national rebellions.

(2) In law, a treasure, or more properly treasure trove, is money or valuables buried in the ground or otherwise secreted whose owner cannot be established or by operation of law has lost his right to the money or valuables. According to the.existing legislation of the USSR, a treasure is considered to be the property of the state. Not all valuables are considered as treasure but only those that were intentionally concealed by the former owner. Thus, a treasure is distinguished from found property, which is property lost against the will of the owner. The locator of a treasure must turn it over to the finance organs. He is entitled to receive compensation amounting to 25 percent of the value of the articles turned over if the discovery was not the result of an excavation or search conducted within his work duties. The appropriation of a treasure is considered a criminal offense (Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 97).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

What does it mean when you dream about a treasure?

Discovering treasure may indicate that the dreamer has some hidden skills or talents that can be unearthed if the dreamer can determine the hidden meaning of the symbol.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.


Ali Baba
uses magic to find thieves’ storehouse of booty. [Arab. Lit.: Arabian Nights, “Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves”]
Comstock Lode
richest silver vein in world. [Amer. Hist.: Flexner, 177]
Dantés, Edmond
digs up the treasure revealed to him by a dying fellow prisoner. [Fr. Lit.: Dumas The Count of Monte Cristo]
El Dorado
legendary land of gold in South America. [Span. Myth.: NCE, 846]
Fort Knox
U.S. depository of gold bullion. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 984]
participants in California gold rush of 1849. [Am. Hist.: LLEI, I: 270]
fabled Indian city, meaning “source of great wealth.” [Indian Hist.: NCE, 1101]
gold bug
leads to finding of Captain Kidd’s buried treasure. [Am. Lit.: Poe “The Gold Bug”]
Golden Fleece
fleece of pure gold from a winged ram, stolen from Colchis by Jason and the Argonauts. [Gk. Myth.: Benét, 406]
Kidd, Captain
(c. 1645–1701) pirate captures prizes and buries treasure. [Am. Lit.: Hart, 444]
King Solomon’s mines
in Africa; search for legendary lost treasure of King Solomon. [Br. Lit.: King Solomon’s Mines]
Legrand, William
uncovers chest of gold by deciphering parchment. [Am. Lit.: Poe “The Gold Bug”]
Mother Lode
name applied to gold-mining region of California. [Am. Hist.: Hart, 569]
Nibelung, the
more gold and jewels than wagons could carry. [Ger. Lit.: Nibelungenlied]
inadvertently gains hoard of silver ingots. [Br. Lit.: Nostromo]
Red Sea area noted for gold. [O.T.: I Kings 9:28; 10:11; 22:48]
Sutter’s Mill
site of first strike precipitating Gold Rush. [Am. Hist. Flexner, 175]
Treasure Island
search for buried treasure ignited by discovery of ancient map. [Br. Lit.: Treasure Island]
Treasure of the Sierra Madre, The
in Mexico, written by the reclusive, pseudonymous B. Traven. [Am. and Mex. Lit.: The Treasure of the Sierra Madre]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
"Make your camels lie down in this open space," he said, "so that we can easily load them; then we will go to the treasure."
At length the camels were loaded with as much as they could carry, and nothing remained but to seal up the treasure, and go our ways.
No, this is old Peter Goldthwaite's writing; these columns of pounds, shillings, and pence are his figures, denoting the amount of the treasure; and this at the bottom is, doubtless, a reference to the place of concealment.
"Not yet!" answered Peter, hastily shutting the window; for, ever since he had been in search of the treasure, he hated to have people stare at him.
"They came to take the treasure away many years ago.
Had Wolfert Webber been deeply read in romantic legend he might have fancied himself entering upon forbidden, enchanted ground, or that these were some of the guardians set to keep watch upon buried treasure. As it was, the loneliness of the place, and the wild stories connected with it, had their effect upon his mind.
Well they might rejoice; for they took by far the greater part of the treasure to themselves.
His guides were two savage head hunting warriors of a pirate crew from whom he hoped to steal what they considered a fabulously rich treasure. Whatever sins might be laid to the door of the doctor, there could be no question but that he was a very brave man!
"My brother and I," said he, "were, as you may imagine, much excited as to the treasure which my father had spoken of.
Tarzan again made his way toward the treasure vault, knowing that in a few hours his blacks would be with him, ready to bear away another fortune in the strangely shaped, golden ingots of Opar.
There isn't any treasure. There never was one--any more than the Lion's Head, the longboat, or the bearings unnamable."'
"See, my lords," she said, holding the light before her, "those who stored the treasure here fled in haste, and bethought them to guard against any who should find the secret of the door, but had not the time," and she pointed to large square blocks of stone, which, to the height of two courses (about two feet three), had been placed across the passage with a view to walling it up.