treehopper


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treehopper,

any member of three families of winged insectsinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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, remarkable for the curious shapes of most species. The shapes are due to the enlargement of the dorsal (upper) covering of the first thoracic section (the region behind the head), which may project upward in a hump or extend forward over the head and backward over the body, and may be ornamented with variously shaped projections. Many treehoppers resemble small thorns and are protectively colored in green or brown. In other species, especially in the tropics, the shapes are quite complex and bizarre. Both larval and adult treehoppers feed on plant juices. The adults, usually under 1-2 in. (1.2 cm) long, jump from one place to another. Females lay their eggs in slits in bark, which sometimes damages the tree; however, few species are important pests. The buffalo treehoppers, genus Stictocephala, common in the United States, causes stunting of fruit trees. Treehoppers are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Homoptera, families Aetalionidae, Melizoderidae, and Membracidae.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The genus Umbelligerus was described by Deitz in 1975 to include ornamented species of treehoppers with an antler-like pronotum.
Flynn, "Checklist of treehoppers of Panama (Hemiptera: Membracidae) with a list of checklists and keys to the Nearctic and Neotropical fauna," Zootaxa, no.
That short list is comprised of one treehopper (Membracidae), two leafhoppers (Cicadellidae), one jumping plant lice (Psyllidae) and one planthopper (Cixiidae).
The Influence of age on male mate-searching behaviour in thorn bug treehoppers. Ethiology, 117: 440-450.
Revision of the Neotropical treehopper tribe Aconophorini (Homoptera: Membracidae).
The New World treehopper tribe Microcentrini (Hemiptera: Membracidae: Stegaspidinae): Monographic Revision and Phylogenetic Position.
I examined the mutualism involving the ant Formica obscuriventris Mayr and the treehopper Publilia concava Say during the summers of 1996 and 1997.
Additionally, brood parasitism may occur as a conditional tactic for when the availability of potential hosts is high, such as in treehoppers [18].
A similar function was suggested for disturbance signals produced by guarding females of the treehopper Publilia concava (Cocroft & Hamel, 2010) and Alchisme grossa (Camacho et al., 2014), but experiments have not been conducted to test this.
When the prey was a treehopper, the approach was slow.