treehopper

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treehopper,

any member of three families of winged insectsinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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, remarkable for the curious shapes of most species. The shapes are due to the enlargement of the dorsal (upper) covering of the first thoracic section (the region behind the head), which may project upward in a hump or extend forward over the head and backward over the body, and may be ornamented with variously shaped projections. Many treehoppers resemble small thorns and are protectively colored in green or brown. In other species, especially in the tropics, the shapes are quite complex and bizarre. Both larval and adult treehoppers feed on plant juices. The adults, usually under 1-2 in. (1.2 cm) long, jump from one place to another. Females lay their eggs in slits in bark, which sometimes damages the tree; however, few species are important pests. The buffalo treehoppers, genus Stictocephala, common in the United States, causes stunting of fruit trees. Treehoppers are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Homoptera, families Aetalionidae, Melizoderidae, and Membracidae.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Presumably, drumming functions to warn off a disturbing animal, as it has been sugested for vibrations produced by other treehoppers in similar contexts (Masters, 1979; Buchler et al.
For example, treehopper Enchenopa binotata (Say) who communicates in the similar manner as BPH was observed to communicate during the morning and evening when wind speed is lowest.
The adults have been observed resting and feeding on nearly all portions of the plant, and they move about much more readily and easily than the nymphs, which, like all treehoppers nymphs, are unable even to jump.
Australian treehoppers (Hemiptera: Membracidae: Centrotinae: Terentiini): phylogeny and biogeography.
In this study, I tested the hypotheses that treehoppers benefit from ant attendance only by protection from predators, and that density-dependent benefit depends on the presence of predators.
Ant-Homoptera Interactions in a Neotropical Savanna: The Honeydew Producing Treehopper, Guayaquila xiphias (Membracidae), and its associated ant fauna on Didymopanax vinosum (Araliaceae).
For example, free fall was more frequent when prey were blow flies or house flies, walking along lines when prey were drosophilids, and head down descents were more frequent when prey were treehoppers ([chi square] = 42.
The thornbug, Umbonia crassicornis (Amyot & Serville) (Hemiptera: Membracidae), is a tropical treehopper found in southern Florida and from southern Texas to South America.
Vibrational communication and reproductive isolation in the Enchenopa binotata species complex of treehoppers (Hemiptera : Membracidae).
Host shifts favor vibrational signal divergence in Enchenopa binotata treehoppers.
Ant-hemipteran associations are mostly found within treehoppers (Auchenorrhyncha: Membracidae), coccids and aphids (Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea and Aphidoidea) (Holldobler & Wilson 1990; Delabie 2001).
The hoplophorionine treehoppers are mainly Neotropical, and occur mostly at higher elevations, with greatest species diversity near the equator of South America.