trench fever


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Related to trench fever: relapsing fever

trench fever:

see rickettsiarickettsia
, any of an order (Rickettsiales) of very small microorganisms, many disease-causing, that live in vertebrates and are transmitted by bloodsucking parasitic arthropods such as fleas, lice (see louse), and ticks.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Trench Fever

 

(Wolhynian fever, five-day fever), an epidemic disease belonging to the rickettsioses. It was first described by the German scientists H. Werner and H. His in 1916. It is transmitted by lice. Major epidemics of trench fever broke out among the troops during World War I (1914-18) on the Western and Eastern fronts (especially in Volyn’ [Wolhynia] Province; hence the name), in the Balkans, and in Syria and Mesopotamia.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

trench fever

[′trench ‚fē·vər]
(medicine)
A louse-borne infection that is caused by Rickettsia quintana and is characterized by headache, chills, rash, pain in the legs and back, and often by a relapsing fever.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lice from the rats spread trench fever, a flu-like illness, and trench nephritis, which caused fever, inflammation of the kidneys and swelling of the legs.
By 1918 the British army had also adopted louse control measures, which halved incidences of trench fever. Atenstaedt makes clear that the implementation of such control measures depended on discipline, medical surveillance, and cooperation between medical and regular officers.
Dan Todman, lecturer in modern history at Queen Mary, University of London, blogs at Trench Fever, where he sums up his reasons for blogging as 'to spark some debates and to have some fun'.
Or maybe you'd like to hear about trench fever, from another Bartonella (quintana), courtesy of the human body louse?
All rickettsioses are zoonoses with the exceptions of epidemic typhus and trench fever in which humans are the hosts and lice are the vectors.
After peace was declared, George fell ill with trench fever and was left behind to recuperate while his battalion went home.
Unlike head lice, body lice can be vectors for blood-borne diseases such as typhus and trench fever. In the United States, body louse infestation mainly affects homeless populations.
He was only at war four months when he came back to England with "trench fever," which would reoccur over the next few years.
The clinical presentations differ, however; in addition to cat-scratch disease, B henselae has been associated with peliosis hepatis, and febrile bacteremia syndrome, whereas B quintana has been associated with trench fever in both HIV-positive and -negative patients.
He spoke fondly of all the people from Edmonton he'd run into in France, and told her about a bout of trench fever he was just beginning to recover from.
The first is Christopher Moore's Trench Fever ([pounds]7.99.
Researchers have recently implicated Rochalimaea bacteria as the cause of trench fever and cat scratch disease, two other human illnesses.