trepang


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trepang

(trəpăng`): see sea cucumbersea cucumber,
any of the flexible, elongated echinoderms belonging to the class Holothuroidea. Although sea cucumbers have the basic echinoderm radial symmetry (see Echinodermata), they do not have arms like starfish.
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Trepang

 

(also bêche-de-mer), the name for several species of marine invertebrates used as food, of the phylum Echinoderma-ta. The group consists of holothurians (sea cucumbers) mainly of the genera Holothuria, Stichopus, and Cucumaria. Trepangs are caught mainly near the Malay Archipelago and the Philippines and near Australia, Asia, Africa, and Europe (Italy). Stichopus japonicus, which measures as much as 40 cm in length, is found off the coast of the USSR, in Petr Velikii Bay, of the Sea of Japan, at depths of 2–50 m.

The trepang is used as food mainly in China and Japan; it is caught in these countries and is also imported from abroad. The annual catch of trepangs in the Pacific Ocean reaches 10,000 quintals. Trepangs are caught by means of special trawls, dredges, nets, and spears; they are also caught by divers. The thick but relatively soft body walls are used as food. The flesh, which has little fat and is rich in proteins, may be eaten fresh or dried and salted.

REFERENCES

Fedotov, D. M. “Tip iglokozhikh (Echinodermata).” In Rukovodstvopo zoologii, vol. 3, part 2. Moscow, 1951.
Ivanov, A. V. Promyslovye vodnye bespozvonochnye. Moscow, 1955. Pages 200–10.
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 2. Moscow, 1968. [26–541–]
References in periodicals archive ?
Voyages from even closer Roti also seem to have been very likely, producing cured trepang for the Kupang market, which we know was also visited by Chinese trading junks.
1999 The Archaeology of Fishing: Interpreting the Evidence for the Trepang Industry in North Kimberley.
Campbell believes that it is entirely possible for a trepang fleet to take on crew in the early stages of smallpox infection and arrive in northern Australia while those members were still infective.
The Chinese bought trepang harvested by the Macassans first in local waters, and then further afield as Chinese demand grew and local stocks were not sufficient.
Watkins, and headed for the polar cap to Camp Opal, another scientific research center aboard the submarine USS Trepang (SSN 674).
Polk (SSN 645); TRF Planning Dept Nuclear QA Kings Bay, GA; USS Trepang (SSN 674); USS Henry M.
By the early nineteenth century, when the market for its textiles was reduced by competition from Western manufactured cloth, trepang (sea-cucumber) and coconut products became Selayar's major export commodities, and by the 1850s, Selayarese ships were trading as far afield as Irian, Sarawak, and Singapore.
1), also called trepang or hai-som, throughout the tropical Indo-Pacific (Conand, 1989a).
Traders from all over the archipelago descended on Kilwaru, which provided a reliable market in eastern Indonesian products, such as spices, slaves, massoi bark, tortoiseshell, birds of paradise, and in the eighteenth century, trepang or sea cucumber.
33% stake in the New South Wales-based Dartbrook joint venture (JV) in December 2015 from diversified mining company Anglo American, and in April raising A$5-million in funding from cornerstone investor Trepang Services for the remaining 16.
Malaysian fishermen travelled to gather trepang (sea slug) and they visited both Yoblu shores, which they called Marege and Kayu Jawa, now called the Kimberley coast (Ganter 2006:xv).