trespass


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trespass,

in law, any physical injury to the person or to propertyproperty,
rights to the enjoyment of things of economic value, whether the enjoyment is exclusive or shared, present or prospective. The rightful possession of such rights is called ownership.
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. In English common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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 the action of trespass first developed (13th cent.) to afford a remedy for injuries to property. The two early forms were trespass quare clausum fregit, used in instances of breaking into real property, and trespass de bonis asportatis, used when personal property was removed without consent. To sue for trespass the plaintiff must have had possession of the property. Although the offense of trespass required the use of force, the courts quickly decided that the mere act of breaking in or of taking goods was in itself forceful. Trespass in time was applied to injuries to the person involving force, such as assaultassault,
in law, an attempt or threat, going beyond mere words, to use violence, with the intent and the apparent ability to do harm to another. If violent contact actually occurs, the offense of battery has been committed; modern criminal statutes often combine assault and
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, batterybattery,
in criminal and tort law, the unpermitted touching of any part of the person of another, or of anything worn, carried by, or intimately associated at that moment (as a chair being sat on) with another.
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, and unlawful imprisonment. Out of the law of trespass developed many of the tortstort,
in law, the violation of some duty clearly set by law, not by a specific agreement between two parties, as in breach of contract. When such a duty is breached, the injured party has the right to institute suit for compensatory damages.
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 that are now commonly recognized. In present-day usage the term trespass is usually applied only to unlawful entry into private property. If a trespasser refuses a request to leave the premises, he may be removed by force.
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trespass

Law
a. any unlawful act committed with force or violence, actual or implied, which causes injury to another person, his property, or his rights
b. a wrongful entry upon another's land
c. an action to recover damages for such injury or wrongful entry
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in classic literature ?
He was as good as his word: for he rode immediately to his house, and complained of the trespass on his manor in as high terms and as bitter language as if his house had been broken open, and the most valuable furniture stole out of it.
“Forgive our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us,” observed Mr.
But if I were in ‘Duke’s place, I would stick up advertisements to-morrow morning, forbidding all persons to shoot, or trespass in any manner, on my woods.
He brings actions for trespass; I bring actions for trespass.
He carried my trespass to his betters; I was stubborn; wherefore, presently upon my head and upon all heads that were dear to me, fell the curse of Rome.
He told the witnesses he hated Palatine police because an officer had arrested him in February on criminal trespass charges, said Assistant Cook County State's Attorney Maria McCarthy.
'The public are advised not to trespass and if they are interested, they can apply to the Federal Land and Mines Department as the ministry has its own development plans for federal land,' the statement said.
"We believe serious forms of trespass can be categorised as crimes.
The Scotsman British Transport Police said there were "numerous railway trespass incidents" when the famous steam train made its journey through the region.
A spokesperson for Gwent Police said a 41-year-old man was arrested yesterday on suspicion of trespass with intent to commit a sexual offence and sexual assault.
The spokesperson said: "As part of the ongoing investigation, a 41-year-old man from the Abertillery area was today arrested on suspicion of trespass with intent to commit a sexual offence and sexual assault on a female.