In this paper, we use tributyl phosphate as a novel organic phosphor source to synthesize a series of xLiMnP[O.sub.4]y[Li.sub.3][V.sub.2][(P[O.sub.4]).sub.3]/C (abbreviated as xLMPyLVP/C) composites by ball-milling followed by sintering process.
Tributyl phosphate is a liquid organic molecule, compared with solid NH4H2PO4, which can favorably disperse in the precursors during ball-milling process.
In summary, the xLMPyLVP/C nanoparticles are synthesized via a facile solid-state method using tributyl phosphate as phosphor source and glycine as carbon source.
[31.] Arnold L.L., Christenson W.R., Cano M., St John M.K., Wahle B.S., Cohen S.M.: Tributyl phosphate effects on urine and bladder epithelium in male Sprague-Dawley rats.
i wsp.: Two-generation reproductive toxicity study of dietary tributyl phosphate in CD rats.
(TBP) is one of the most used alkyl phosphates in hydraulic fluids.
(TBP) and triphenyl phosphate (TPhP) are neurotoxins, while TPhP inhibits hormone levels [3-8].
[greater than or equal to] 99%, Fluka) and tributyl phosphate
(97%, Aldrich) were used as calcium and phosphor precursor, respectively (17).
Examples are 2-ethyl hexanol and tributyl phosphate
(which I found to work well in combination, particularly during pigment dispersion).
In addition, synthesis of ThiMnPO4-yLi3V2(PO4)3/Cnanocomposites for lithium-ion batteries using tributyl phosphate
as phosphor source has been reported by Dr.
The use of extractants tris-(2-ethyl hexyl) phosphate , tributyl phosphate
(TBP) [4-6], 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride , triphenylarsine oxide and tributyl-phosphine oxide , tri-isooctylamine , and N-n-octylaniline [1, 9] has been reported for the separation and extraction of Te.
(g/mol) Trimethyl phosphate TMP C[H.sub.3] 140 Triethyl phosphate TEP C[H.sub.2]C[H.sub.3] 182 Tripropyl phosphate TPrP C[H.sub.2]C[H.sub.2] C[H.sub.3] 224 Tributyl phosphate
TBP C[H.sub.2]C[H.sub.2] C[H.sub.2]C[H.sub.3] 266 Triphenyl phosphate* TPhP [C.sub.6][H.sub.5] 326 Density [V.sub.w] Phosphate [P(O)[(OR).sub.3]] (g/[cm.sup.3] ([cm.sup.3]/mol) Trimethyl phosphate 1.197 63 Triethyl phosphate 1.072 94 Tripropyl phosphate 1.012 124 Tributyl phosphate
0.979 155 Triphenyl phosphate* 1.266 159.5 [[delta].sub.a] Phosphate [P(O)[(OR).sub.3]] (MPa)[.sub.1/2] Trimethyl phosphate 19.6 Triethyl phosphate 17.9 Tripropyl phosphate 17.6 Tributyl phosphate
17.3 Triphenyl phosphate* 17.6 *TPhP is a solid at room temperature ([T.sub.m] = 48[degrees]C).