The BioRoot RCS is a hydraulic tricaclium-based cement that contains tricalcium silicate
, zirconium oxide, calcium chloride, povidone, and polycarboxilate.
Ion release, porosity, solubility, and bioactivity of MTA Plus tricalcium silicate
. J Endod 2014; 40: 1632-7.
 The powder component of the material consists of tricalcium silicate
, dicalcium silicate, calcium carbonate and oxide filler, iron oxide shade, and zirconium oxide, respectively, whereas zirconium oxide serves as a radio-opacifier.
A structured search using two Boolean equations and the keywords "dental pulp capping", "Mineral trioxide aggregate", "tricalcium silicate
", "direct pulp capping", "Biodentine" was performed.
BELITIC CSA CEMENTS Cement type Alite, Belite [C.sub.3]S (%) [C.sub.2]S (%) Type I portland 59 15 General purpose Type II portland 46 29 Moderate sulfate resistance Type III portland 60 12 High early strength Type IV portland 30 46 Low heat of hydration Type V portland 43 36 High sulfate resistance Belitic CSA 0 45 Rapid Set Cement Cement type Celite Calcium sulfoaluminate [C.sub.3]A (%) [C.sub.4][S.sub.3]A (%) Type I portland 12 0 General purpose Type II portland 6-8 0 Moderate sulfate resistance Type III portland 12-15 0 High early strength Type IV portland 5-7 0 Low heat of hydration Type V portland 4-5 0 High sulfate resistance Belitic CSA 0 25 Rapid Set Cement Alite or tricalcium silicate
is responsible for early strength and begins hydrating at around 24 hours.
(1) The hydration reaction in the filling slurry of tailings mainly includes the hydration of tricalcium silicate
, dicalcium silicate, tricalcium aluminate, and iron-based solid solutions .
Yoo et al., "Trace metal contents of three tricalcium silicate
materials: MTA angelus, micro mega MTA and bioaggregate," International Endodontic Journal, vol.
The alkalinization of the medium and release of calcium ions are related to the formation of portlandite (calcium hydroxide) by tricalcium silicate
and dicalcium silicate during the setting time of MTA.
Prati, "Ion release, porosity, solubility, and bioactivity of MTA Plus tricalcium silicate
," Journal of Endodontics, vol.
([Ca.sub.3][Si[O.sub.4]]O, PDF#01-073-2077) was evident only in the PBS and control groups of the BC sealer (Figures 2(c) and 2(d)).
Most important reactions are tricalcium silicate
and dicalcium silicate reacting with water to produce calcium silicate hydrates (C-S-H) and calcium hydroxide [Ca [(OH).sub.2]].
Upon the addition of water, tricalcium silicate
rapidly reacts to release calcium ions, hydroxide ions, and a large amount of heat.