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a nematode helminthic disease of human beings and animals caused by infestation with trichinae. Trichinosis is characterized by natural endemism. In human beings, adult trichinae live in the host’s intestine, and the larvae live in striated muscle. The principal symptoms are caused by allergy to substances produced by the metabolism and decomposition of trichinae. Infection follows the consumption of the flesh of infested animals. Fever with a temperature of 39°C and higher, edema of the eyelids and face, muscular pain, and frequently rash, headache, and intestinal disorders occur after ten to 25 days. Improvement is observed within a week or two, but the disease is sometimes severe and even fatal.
Thiabendazole and antiallergenics are used in the treatment of trichinosis. Preventive measures include the maintenance of hygienic living conditions for livestock and the inspection of animal carcasses to be consumed by human beings.
REFERENCELeikina, E. S. Vazhneishie gel’mintozy cheloveka, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1967.
No cure for trichinosis has been developed. Preventive measures include the decontamination of all meat wastes fed to the animals and the supervision of swine grazing in areas inhabited by man or in forests. It is necessary to inspect all swine carcasses and to dispose of the carcasses of diseased animals in an appropriate manner.
REFERENCEBessonov, A. S. “Trikhinellez.” In Gel’mintozy svinei. Moscow, 1963.
A. S. BESSONOV