trichobezoar


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Related to trichobezoar: phytobezoar

trichobezoar

[¦trik·ə′bē·zō·ər]
(medicine)
A ball of hair or similar concretion in the stomach or intestine.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, it is not as effective in treating trichobezoar as in case of phytobezoar.
During the study period, 5 patients presented to our unit with trichobezoar (Table 1).
Following is a discussion of a teenager with gastric trichobezoar, the perioperative evaluation, and the imaging findings, including the gastric contents evaluation using ultrasound as a complementary tool.
Table-1: Foreign bodies recovered from esophagus Breed Male Female Foreign bodies recovered Holstein-friesian crossbred - 3 1 - Potato 1 - Beet root and 1 - Trichobezoar Jersey crossbred - 4 1 - Carrot 1 - Food stuff 1 - Trichobezoar 1 - Coconut Hallikar 1 1 1 - Potato 1 - Mango Amruth mahal 1 - 1 - Mango Total Breed Total Holstein-friesian crossbred 3 Jersey crossbred 4 Hallikar 2 Amruth mahal 1 Total 10
They are classified according to their constituents: trichobezoar - hair ball, or phytobezors -undigested food particles such as cellulose.
Trichobezoar is a rare disorder consisting of a hairball in the proximal gastrointestinal tract that almost exclusively affects young women.1-9 Most patients with trichobezoar suffer from psychiatric disorders including trichotillomania (pulling out of their own hair) and trichophagia (eating of hair).6,7,10
Upper GI endoscopy not only constitutes the gold standard in the analysis of trichobezoar but also enables therapeutic intervention.
Huge gastric trichobezoar in a 10-year-old girl: Case report with emphasis on endoscopy in diagnosis and therapy.
Out of 120 patients operated for acute intestinal obstruction post-op adhesions were found in 37 (30.83%) patients followed by intestinal TB in 23 (19.17%) patients, obstructed inguinal hernias in 13 (10.83%), gut malignancies in 15 (12.5%) , Meckel's diverticulum with bands in 7 (5.83%), sigmoid volvulus 7(5.83%), perforated appendix in 6(5%), intussusception in 2 (1.7%), Inflammatory bands in 5 (4.17%), trichobezoar and faecal impaction in 2 (1.7%) while in 3 (2.5%) patients no definite cause was found.
Giant gastroduodenal trichobezoar: Rapunzel syndrome.
The Rapunzel syndrome is a rare clinical entity where a long tail of hair strands from the gastric trichobezoar extends along the small bowel to reach the caecum and beyond.
[1] In humans, bezoars may be composed of vegetable fibres (phytobezoar), persimmon fibres (diospyrobezoar), human hair (trichobezoar), milk products (lactobezoar) or drugs (pharmacobezoar).