Trichome

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trichome

[′trī‚kōm]
(botany)
An appendage derived from the protoderm in plants, including hairs and scales.
(invertebrate zoology)
A brightly colored tuft of hairs on the body of a myrmecophile that releases an aromatic substance attractive to ants.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Trichome

 

in plants, an outgrowth of epidermal cells that varies in shape, structure, and function. (Deeper-lying tissues participate in the formation of emergences.) The most common trichomes are hairs and glumes. The long, soft hairs that cover cotton seeds are a valuable raw material for the textile industry. The structures of trichomes and their location on plant organs have taxonomic significance (for example, in the family Cruciferae).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.