Trichuriasis

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Trichuriasis

 

a parasitic disease of man and animals; a nema-todiasis. In man, it is caused by whipworm infestation. Trichuriasis is prevalent mainly in subtropical and tropical regions. The parasite’s eggs are excreted with the feces and mature in soil; infection occurs when the eggs are ingested with food. The parasite lives primarily in the large intestine. Symptoms include abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, dizziness, fatigability, headaches, and anemia. The disease is treated with Diphesil, bephenium hydroxynaphthoate, and oxygen. Preventive measures include observance of personal hygiene and of proper sanitation.

Trichuriasis of animals is a disease of ruminants, omnivores, carnivores, and other mammals caused by several species of roundworms (nematodes) of the genus Trichuris infesting the large intestine. Severe infestation alters the structure and function of many organs and tissues, resulting in weakness, exhaustion, and retarded growth. Diagnosis is based on detection of the parasites’ eggs in the feces or, in the case of deceased animals, on detection of the parasites in the intestine. The disease is treated with anthelmintics: Bubulin for swine and Promintic and other drugs for sheep. Trichuriasis in animals is prevented by observing proper sanitary measures.

REFERENCE

Skriabin, K. I., and A. M. Petrov. Osnovy veterinarnoi nema-todologii. Moscow, 1964.