Trichuriasis


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Trichuriasis

 

a parasitic disease of man and animals; a nema-todiasis. In man, it is caused by whipworm infestation. Trichuriasis is prevalent mainly in subtropical and tropical regions. The parasite’s eggs are excreted with the feces and mature in soil; infection occurs when the eggs are ingested with food. The parasite lives primarily in the large intestine. Symptoms include abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, dizziness, fatigability, headaches, and anemia. The disease is treated with Diphesil, bephenium hydroxynaphthoate, and oxygen. Preventive measures include observance of personal hygiene and of proper sanitation.

Trichuriasis of animals is a disease of ruminants, omnivores, carnivores, and other mammals caused by several species of roundworms (nematodes) of the genus Trichuris infesting the large intestine. Severe infestation alters the structure and function of many organs and tissues, resulting in weakness, exhaustion, and retarded growth. Diagnosis is based on detection of the parasites’ eggs in the feces or, in the case of deceased animals, on detection of the parasites in the intestine. The disease is treated with anthelmintics: Bubulin for swine and Promintic and other drugs for sheep. Trichuriasis in animals is prevented by observing proper sanitary measures.

REFERENCE

Skriabin, K. I., and A. M. Petrov. Osnovy veterinarnoi nema-todologii. Moscow, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
Soil-transmitted helminth infections (ascariasis and trichuriasis) can be defined as 'habitual' for the country, because cases among the population are recorded every year at approximately the same level.
Thus, eradication of trichuriasis requires a specific treatment strategy such as immune stimulant probiotics.
Human trichuriasis: Whipworm genetics, phylogeny, transmission and future research directions.
Although trichuriasis is usually clinically asymptomatic patients with heavy infection present with vague gastrointestinal symptoms including chronic abdominal pain tenesmus diarrhea with rectal prolapse seen in children.2 The diagnosis is usually made by visualization of T.
Key words: TheileriosisBabesiosis Neosporosis Fasciolosis Trichuriasis Tick-infestation
Infections by trichuriasis are more prevalent in warm and moist tropical regions than in other parts of the world, and occur mainly in North and South America (Bundy and Cooper, 1988, 1989).
Most common NTDs in South Asia include ascariasis, trichuriasis, hookworm infection, lymphatic filariasis, and leishmaniasis.
Bundy, "Geohelminth infections (ascariasis, trichuriasis, and hookworm): cognitive and developmental impacts," Seminars in Pediatric Infectious Diseases, vol.
Commonly, this would include a history of immersion in inland rivers and dams for schistosomiasis, pica for ascariasis and trichuriasis (and for toxocariasis, if dog or cat faeces is considered), and soil-skin exposure for strongyloidiasis and hookworm disease.
For example, Nigeria's Minister of Health, Professor Onyebuchi Chukwu, drew attention to the 14 so-called Neglected Tropical Diseases (the seven most common being ascariasis, hookworm infection, trichuriasis, lymphatic filariasis, onchoocerciasis, schistosomiasis, and trachoma).
The parasites that were found can cause an infection known as trichuriasis. (http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/whipworm/) According to the U.S.
The results also showed that the prevalence of Trichuriasis was still higher among the normal appendices (group II), which was almost significant.