triforium


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

triforium

(trīfôr`ēəm), in church architecture, an arcaded gallery above the arches of the nave. In the interiors of medieval churches each bay of the nave wall customarily had three divisions in its height—arcade, triforium, and clerestory. The triforium was thus located beneath the clerestory windows and above the side-aisle vaults and corresponded on the exterior to the lean-to roof over the aisle. In Italian basilical churches this interior surface was generally decorated with paintings or mosaics. In the north the triforium had arched openings with apertures in the wall behind it to ventilate the roof space over the aisle. In most Romanesque churches it appeared as a second-story vaulted gallery over the aisle and was equal to it in depth and sometimes also in height. In Gothic churches, the depth behind the triforium arcades was generally limited to the thickness of the nave wall, into which a narrow passageway was built to furnish a second-story circulation around the church. Developed French Gothic flattened the pitch of the aisle roofs, thus leaving the outside wall of the triforia exposed and free for glazing. The inside face retained its rich open tracery arcades. Late Gothic subordinated the triforium between the higher main arcades and clerestory and sometimes omitted it entirely.

Triforium

The space above the vaulting, below the roof, and under the clerestory windows, on the side aisle of a church; typically containing three arched openings in each bay forming an arcade into the nave space.

triforium

In medieval church architecture, a shallow passage above the arches of the nave and choir and below the clerestory; characteristically opened into the nave.
References in periodicals archive ?
London, Westminster Abbey, Partbooks: Triforium Set 1 (Alto Cantoris '1A' and Tenor Cantoris '4') contain sections in Bing's hand (English services and anthems)
London, Westminster Abbey, Partbook: Triforium Set 2 (Tenor Decani '5') contains sections in Bing's hand (English services and anthems)
Then there is the ethereal atmosphere of the triforium, preserved in the new galleries after the careful modelling of sunbeams allowed MUMA to retain the amplitude of the space's natural light.
There's nowhere like the medieval triforium [where the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Galleries are located, more than 16 metres above the nave; Fig.
The triforium wasn't previously being used, other than for storage and as a vantage point for television cameras during important services.
HELPING Julia Tammert from Germany, cleans the triforium at Durham Cathedral.
Contract award: trinity church in vendome - resumed three piles south of the nave triforium - masonry - stone.
(23) The triforium zone of the basilica features a cycle of over thirty frescoes of the life and legend of Peter, executed in about 1300 and credited to Deodato Orlandi.
But mixing the two is an intriguing prospect, and with a couple of great bands such as Triforium Dawn, Lore and Sever the Drama in the mix, this looks like a highly entertaining evening.
Develop a high quality gallery design that is respectful of, and sympathetic to, the architecture of the Triforium Gallery.
Music The Battle for Metalfest 2014 -- Round 4 with special guests (We Are) Legion, Triforium Dawn, Contender, Cover One Eye, Shatter The Sky, Written In Stone, Death Rattle, Armament, In Depths & Tides, I Guard The Throne, The Primrose Path, Lies In Motion.
Music The Battle for Metalfest 2014 -- Round 4 with (We Are) Legion, Triforium Dawn, Contender, Cover One Eye, Shatter The Sky, Written In Stone, Death Rattle, and others, 6 p.m.