Johann Friedrich Meckel

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Meckel, Johann Friedrich


Born Oct. 17, 1781, in Halle, Saxony; died there Oct. 31, 1833. German biologist.

Meckel studied in Halle, Göttingen, Würzburg, and Vienna. In 1808 he became a professor at Halle. His principal works deal with comparative vertebrate morphology. Meckel was one of the creators of the theory that individual development in extant higher animals passes through stages similar to the adult states of extant lower animals. Meckel described a number of morphological formations, which are named for him. In 1812 he translated into German K. F. Wolffs On the Formation of the Intestinal Tract in the Chick (1768), which advanced the dissemination of his theory of epigenesis.


Beiträge zur vergleichenden Anatomic, 2 vols. Leipzig, 1811.
System der vergleichenden Anatomie, 5 vols. Halle, 1821–33.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
[9,11,12,14] Foramen ovale is also cannulated in percutaneous biopsy of parasellar space-occupying lesions located in Meckel's trigeminal cave, cavernous sinus and petroclival region.
Baseline cranial contrast enhanced MRI detected a nonspecific inflammatory granulomatous lesion in the right cavernous sinus extending basally towards the right trigeminal cave (Meckel's cave) and anteriorly towards the apex of the right orbit.
Post contrast T1 MRI weighted images detected diffuse enhancement in the area of the right cavernous sinus, extending basally towards the trigeminal cave and anteriorly towards the apex of the right orbit, with right-sided temporal-basal dural sheath imbibition and along the clivus.