trillium grandiflorum

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Smooth round stem 2 ft tall (60cm) tinged with red, topped with 3 wavy-edged leaves and a 3 petal flower, colored white, red or pink. Whole plant is edible. Young unopened leaves taste like sunflower seeds. Leaves and flower can be used in salads or as tea. Root used as antiseptic, calm spasms, help promote menstruation. Boiled-down root bark used for earache.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
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Factors affecting low seed:ovule ratios in a spring woodland herb, Trillium grandiflorum (Melanthiaceae).
The relationship between age, size, and reproduction in Trillium grandiflorum (Liliaceae).
We employed Trillium grandiflorum as a model system for studying the effect of animal dispersal on the pattern, seed aggregation size, and genetic structure of seed and seedling assemblages from the time of seed release through their secondary deposition and seedling establishment.
Trillium grandiflorum (Liliaceae) is a native, herbaceous perennial that occurs in the understory of deciduous forests throughout the Great Lakes region of North America and south through the Appalachian Mountains into Georgia and North Carolina (Gleason and Cronquist 1991).
They flower before the trees get their leaves and a mature clump of trillium grandiflorum will reach 18 inches and spreads out where the soil is good.
Instantly identifiable by the three leaves which cluster around the flowers, they range from the tiny Trillium nivale, with its gleaming pure white flowers, to the Trillium grandiflorum, where the white flowers shade off to pink.
The very desirable Flore Pleno variety of Trillium Grandiflorum grows more slowly, but produces fine double flowers.