Triose


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Related to Triose: Triose phosphate isomerase

triose

[′trī‚ōs]
(biochemistry)
A group of monsaccharide compounds that have a three-carbon chain length.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Triose

 

any of several dihydroxy carbonyl compounds containing three carbon atoms; the simplest monosaccharides. Among the trioses are D- and L-glyceraldehyde and dihydroxyacetone.

In green plants, trioses are formed by the fixation of carbon dioxide in the process of photosynthesis. Trioses and trióse phosphates are important metabolic intermediates. (See also.) [26–646–1 ]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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4.1.2.13) metabolism, and responsible for the cleavage of fructose 1,6- bisphosphate in two trioses: glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate in glycolysis.
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Faix et al., "Gluconeogenesis and intrahepatic triose phosphate flux in response to fasting or substrate loads.
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It is an anti-porter shuffling inorganic phosphate and triose phosphates across the membrane between the cytosol and chloroplast thereby facilitating the synthesis of polysaccharides in the cytosol [33].
PCR amplifications of a species-specific internal fragment of the triose phosphate isomerase (tpi) gene, an internal fragment of the toxin B (tcdB) gene, and the 3' region of the toxin A (tcdA) gene were performed as described by Lemee et al.
Buff- Enzyme name number Locus er(1) Aspartate aminotransferase 2.6.1.1 Aat-1(2) B Aat-2 B Glucose-6-phosphate isomerase 5.3.1.9 Gpi A Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1.1.1.42 Idh B Malate dehydrogenase 1.1.1.37 Mdh-1(2) S Mdh-2 S Malic enzyme 1.1.1.40 Me S Phosphogluconate dehydrogenase 1.1.1.44 Pgdh(3) B Triose phosphate isomerase 5.3.1.1 Tpi(3) A 1 A = a discontinuous lithium hydroxide-boric acid buffer, pH 8.1 (Ridgway et al.
This specific gene codes for a "sluggish" version of an enzyme called triose phosphate isomerase (TIM), crucial to cellular digestion of glucose.
SIRT6 deacetylate H3K9 and control expression of multiple glycolytic genes lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), triose phosphate isomerase (TPI), aldolase and phosphofructokinase (PFK1).
Fructose 1:6-bisphosphate can break down to form dihydroxyacetone phosphate and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate with the former being readily isomerized to glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate under the action of triose phosphate isomerase.