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galley, long, narrow vessel widely used in ancient and medieval times, propelled principally by oars but also fitted with sails. The earliest type was sometimes 150 ft (46 m) long with 50 oars. Rowers were slaves, prisoners of war, or (later) convicts; they were usually chained to benches set along the sides, the center of the vessel being used for cargo. Galleys were decked at the bow and stern but were otherwise open. The typical galley was the trireme, with three banks of oars; smaller and more manageable galleys (biremes) had two banks. These vessels became very large, some reputedly having as many as 40 banks of oars, but smaller vessels were again common by the 1st cent. B.C. When galleys were employed in war, the sides were so designed that they could be raised to afford protection for the rowers. The Romans used hooks to fasten onto enemy vessels and carried bridges for boarding. Galleys were used in the Mediterranean by the French and Venetians until the 17th cent. In modern usage the galley is the kitchen of a ship.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a galley with three lines of oars placed one on top of another in staggered rows. Triremes usually had a displacement of more than 200 tons; they were 45 m long and 6 m wide, with a draft of 2.5 m. They carried a crew of up to 200. Sails were sometimes used on triremes as an aid to the oars. Triremes first appeared in Phoenicia, and beginning in the fifth century B.C., they spread throughout the fleets of other Mediterranean states. In the ancient Greek fleet, a vessel of this type was called a meres.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a galley, developed by the ancient Greeks as a warship, with three banks of oars on each side
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Trireme Insurance Group is the international subsidiary of U.S.
The trireme's voyage comes after years of public outcry over the Lebanese government's waste mismanagement, particularly after a peak in the trash crisis in 2015.
Trireme Ynys Mn Rowing Club left Bull Bay at 6am on Sunday - returning to the same point 13 hours and 40 minutes later.
Marching as a hoplite, fighting in formation and rowing a trireme were all dependent on socially cohesive collective movement skills, as was performing in a chorus.
In this nicely illustrated book, readers will can watch the construction of ten replicas (including a Greek trireme and Captain Cooke's Endeavour) and then go along on the sea trials to see how the ships perform.
Last spring, I made the trip, a scudding trireme under Hermes's protection.
TriReme Medical, Inc., Pleasanton, Calif., received FDA 510(k) clearance for its newest product, the Glider balloon catheter, for percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of lesions in the peripheral vasculature including the iliac, femoral, ilio-femoral, popliteal, inffa-popliteal, and renal arteries.
In the fourth century BC it was the first to develop the quadrieme, which was both bigger and more powerful than the trireme, the ship that had dominated naval warfare for the previous 200 years.
"A Remembrance," for example, rhymes museum / daydream / trireme / meme, a set of end-words that encapsulates a series of imaginative leaps from the past to the future.
"I am pleased to be working with TriReme as they develop products specifically tailored for the treatment of bifurcation disease."
Odysseus's trireme (the galley propelled by oars and sails) races across the turbulent waves while Poseidon his long red hair trailing looks on from the corner of the book jacket.