trireme


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trireme:

see galleygalley,
long, narrow vessel widely used in ancient and medieval times, propelled principally by oars but also fitted with sails. The earliest type was sometimes 150 ft (46 m) long with 50 oars.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Trireme

 

a galley with three lines of oars placed one on top of another in staggered rows. Triremes usually had a displacement of more than 200 tons; they were 45 m long and 6 m wide, with a draft of 2.5 m. They carried a crew of up to 200. Sails were sometimes used on triremes as an aid to the oars. Triremes first appeared in Phoenicia, and beginning in the fifth century B.C., they spread throughout the fleets of other Mediterranean states. In the ancient Greek fleet, a vessel of this type was called a meres.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

trireme

a galley, developed by the ancient Greeks as a warship, with three banks of oars on each side
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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